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TEXAS GEOGRAPHY REVIEW! Texas is a big place so this is a big review! Can you handle it?

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Presentation on theme: "TEXAS GEOGRAPHY REVIEW! Texas is a big place so this is a big review! Can you handle it?"— Presentation transcript:

1 TEXAS GEOGRAPHY REVIEW! Texas is a big place so this is a big review! Can you handle it?

2 Why do we study history? What is Geography? The study of the Earth, its features, and its people What is History? The study of the past We study history to know what to expect in the future History and Geography are linked. Geography can affect history just as history can affect geography.

3 I. Five Themes of Geography A. Location 1. Absolute – exact position; such as a point of latitude and longitude 2. Relative – where things are in relation to others

4 Location absolute location exact position of a place using latitude and longitude relative location location of a place in relation to another place What is the absolute location of Houston? What is the relative location of Texas?

5 I. Five Themes of Geography A. Location 1. Absolute – exact position; such as a point of latitude and longitude 2. Relative – where things are in relation to others B. Place and Regions 1. Place – different features and characteristics that identify an area: landforms, climate, language, music 2. Region – areas united by similar characteristics

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7 Elevation-height of the land What is your elevation? How tall are you? West Texas is a tall place with Guadalupe Peak reaching 8, 749 feet. The Humble area is about 90 feet above sea level.

8 Precipitation Drip, drip, drip… How much rain does our area receive each year? What part of Texas receives the most rain? What part receives the least amount of rain?

9 I. Five Themes of Geography A. Location 1. Absolute – exact position; such as a point of latitude and longitude 2. Relative – where things are in relation to others B. Place and Regions 1. Place – an area defined by different features and characteristics: landforms, climate, plants, animals 2. Region – Areas with similar characteristics are regions C. Human Environment Interaction – the relationship between people and the environment, and how it affects our lives 1.Actions of people: (examples on next slide)

10 How have people changed the land to live on it or by it?

11 AGRIBUSINESS Agribusiness combines farming, ranching and related businesses. It is an important part of the Texas economy. Cotton is the number one cash crop for our state.

12 I. Five Themes of Geography A. Location 1. Absolute – exact position; such as a point of latitude and longitude 2. Relative – where things are in relation to others B. Place and Regions 1. Place – an area defined by different features and characteristics: landforms, climate, plants, animals 2. Region – Areas with similar characteristics are regions C. Human Environment Interaction – What links people to the surrounding environment D. Human Systems 1. Movement of people 2. Culture brought to an area

13 TEJANO Texas has a very rich cultural history. Much of the Texas culture is tied to Mexico such as food, architecture, and language. A Tejano is a person of Mexican heritage who calls Texas home.

14 Other Prominent Texan Cultures German Czech Dubina Hostyn Praha Fredricksburg New Braunfels Boerne

15 I. Five Themes of Geography A. Location 1. Absolute – exact position; such as a point of latitude and longitude 2. Relative – where things are in relation to others B. Place and Regions 1. Place – an area defined by different features and characteristics: landforms, climate, plants, animals 2. Region – Areas with similar characteristics are regions C. Human Environment Interaction – What links people to the surrounding environment D. Human Systems 1. Movement of people 2. Culture brought to an area E. Physical Systems – how naturally occurring events interact with and shape the Earth: volcanoes, hurricanes…

16 II. Major Landforms A.Plains – Gently rolling land B.Plateaus – table-land C.Escarpments – steep cliff caused by fault line D.Mountains

17 Texas Plains: gently rolling land

18 West Texas Plateau: table land

19 Escarpment: steep cliff caused by afault line Caprock: in the Texas Panhandle Balcones: in central Texas

20 Texas mountains that take a prize! El Capitan (above) 8 th highest peak Guadalupe Peak (right) Tallest peak in Texas!

21 III. Texas Vegetation 1.Forests 2.Savannas – short grasses and small shrubs 3.Grasslands – grass covered land

22 Pop Quiz! Which one is which? Savanna Barrier island Plateau A B C D D B A

23 IV. Texas Water Resources A. A.Gulf of Mexico B. B.Rivers and reservoirs (man-made lakes) C. C.Aquifers – underground lakes

24 Gulf of Mexico

25 Reservoirs-man-made lakes Which one of these is not a reservoir? Lake Houston Lake Livingston Caddo Lake Ahhhhhhhh!

26 Texas Aquifers Rain slowly fills these giant underground lakes. The aquifer then supplies water for drinking and irrigation.

27 V. Texas Mineral Resources A. Natural Gas: combustible mixture of hydrocarbon gases found trapped in rock B. Coal: black rock used as fuel C. Talc: used in ceramics, paint and powder D. Petroleum: crude oil found in rock used to make gasoline

28 Most Important Mineral Resources Coal

29 Petrochemical Industry Refines oil and natural gas into something useful The area around Pasadena and Deer Park has many of these refineries. Ever heard of Stinkadena?

30 Landforms Assignment Choose 10 of the terms that we took notes on today, create a visual or picture for that term and label each drawing. Use map pencils to color your illustrations.


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