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OSHA’s Fall Protection Requirements Gambling With Lives.

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Presentation on theme: "OSHA’s Fall Protection Requirements Gambling With Lives."— Presentation transcript:

1 OSHA’s Fall Protection Requirements Gambling With Lives

2 Test Your Work Place Knowledge Do you know how many workers died while at work in 1999? Do you know how many died in the construction industry? Do you know how many died in manufacturing industry?

3 Fall Protection Did you know one in every five workplace fatalities is a construction worker

4 Fact Falls are the leading cause of fatalities in the construction industry.

5 Fact Falls from elevations account for one third of all deaths in construction.

6 Causes of Fall Related Injuries Unprotected sides, walls openings, & floor holes Improper scaffold construction Unguarded protruding rebar Misuse of portable ladders

7 Falls Unprotected Sides, Walls Openings, & Floor Holes

8 No Fall Protection  This worker is not protected by any of the protective systems that are required by OSHA.

9 Am I In Danger?

10 How Do I Avoid Hazards?  Fall Protection must be provided whenever employees are exposed to a fall of 6 feet or more above a lower level.  Cover or guard floor holes as soon as they are created during new construction.

11 How Do I Avoid Hazards?  Survey the site before working and continually audit as work continues.  Construct all floor hole covers so they will effectively support two times the expected load.

12 Fall Protection On A Roof

13 Falls Improper Scaffold Construction

14 Am I in Danger

15 Unsafe Scaffolding  Scaffold mixes several different scaffold components.  Guardrails are also improper because they are not complete.

16 How Do I Avoid Hazards?  Follow the manufacturer's instructions.  Install guardrail systems along all open sides and ends of platforms.  Scaffolds more than 10 feet above a lower level must have either:  Guardrail systems.  Fall arrest systems.

17 How Do I Avoid Hazards?  Provide safe access to scaffold platforms.  Do not use climb cross-bracing as a means of access.

18 Falls Unguarded Protruding Rebar

19 Am I in Danger What should you do if you have to work from a ladder near protruding rebar?

20 Unprotected Rebar

21 How Do I Avoid Hazards?  Guard all protruding ends of rebar.  Plan ahead to ensure.

22 Rebar

23 Falls Misuse of Portable Ladders

24 Am I In Danger? You risk falling if portable ladders are not safely positioned each time they are used. Falls from ladders can cause injuries ranging from sprains to death.

25 Am I in Danger

26 Ladders Damaged ladder not removed from service.

27 How Do I Avoid Hazards?  Position portable ladders so the side rails extend at least 3 feet above the landing.  Secure side rails at the top to a rigid support and use a grab device when 3 foot extension is not possible.

28 How Do I Avoid Hazards?  Make sure that the weight on the ladder will not cause it to slip off its support.  Before each use inspect ladders for cracked or broken parts such as rungs, steps, side rails, feet and locking components.

29 How Do I Avoid Hazards?  Do not apply more weight on the ladder than it is designed to support.  Use only ladders that comply with [ (a)(1)].

30 Miscellaneous Conditions

31 Stairs No stair railing on open sides of stairs with four or more risers.

32 Test Your Knowledge Are you allowed to elevate personnel using a forklift? Are you required to be tied while using a scissor lift? Is fall protection required inside of an aerial lift?

33 Am I in Danger

34

35 Fall Protection Saves Lives

36 Success Story New Horizon Steel Erectors, Inc.

37 Accidents in 1994 were the worst ever experienced with total loses of almost $1,000,

38 New Horizon experienced a 96% reduction in its accident costs after establishing a 100% fall protection and supervisory safety accountability programs.

39 As part of its accountability program, the company implemented a new bonus plan which rewarded superintendents who are profitable and safety conscious while severely penalizing those who have accidents.

40 Wrapping It Up Education and training without follow-up and enforcement, is INEFFECTIVE

41 DISCLAIMER This information has been developed by an OSHA Compliance Assistance Specialist and is intended to assist employers, workers, and others as they strive to improve workplace health and safety. While we attempt to thoroughly address recordkeeping, it is not possible to include discussion of everything necessary to ensure a healthy and safe working environment in a presentation of this nature. Thus, this information must be understood as a tool for addressing workplace hazards, rather than an exhaustive statement of an employer’s legal obligations, which are defined by statute,

42 DISCLAIMER regulations, and standards. Likewise, to the extent that this information references practices or procedures that may enhance health or safety, but which are not required by a statute, regulation, or standard, it cannot, and does not, create additional legal obligations. Finally, over time, OSHA may modify rules and interpretations in light of new technology, information, or circumstances; to keep apprised of such developments, or to review information on a wide range of occupational safety and health topics, you can visit OSHA’s website at


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