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Chapter 6 Physical Geography.

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Presentation on theme: "Chapter 6 Physical Geography."— Presentation transcript:

1 Chapter 6 Physical Geography

2 Section 1 Land and Water

3 Land Mass?? Land size People Canada is bigger
U.S. has 10 times more people

4 Special Features of U.S. Rocky Mountains Appalachian Mountains
Largest mountain system in North America Appalachian Mountains 2nd largest mountain range Known as the Laurentian Highlands in Canada Death Valley Hottest place in North America Glaciers Huge slow moving sheets of ice

5 Special Features of Canada
Yukon Territory East of Alaska Mt. Logan - Highest Peak Canadian Shield Rugged, rocky land St. Lawrence Lowlands Manufacturing, farming, large part of population

6 Water The Great Lakes Huron Ontario Michigan Erie Superior Lake Michigan is the only one that lies within the U.S.

7 Water - Rivers Canada Mackenzie River St. Lawrence River
Rockies-north into Arctic Ocean St. Lawrence River Connects Great Lakes to Atlantic Ocean

8 Water - Rivers United States Tributary Mississippi River
MN to Gulf of Mexico Missouri River Ohio River Tributary A stream or river that flows into a larger river

9 Flowing Rivers Continental Divide
The boundary that separates rivers flowng toward opposite side of the Continent. Rocky Mountains

10 Climate and Vegetation
Section 2 Climate and Vegetation

11 Canada’s Climate Overall very cold Oceans - mild climates
Inland - Very cold in winter, Very hot in summer (like ND) Mountains - cause precipitation on one side of mountains Rain Shadow An area on the dry, sheltered side of a mountain that receives little rainfall

12 United States Climate Greater Variety of Climates than Canada
Tropics - Florida West coast marine Mountains - Rain Shadow (deserts) Continental Climates (plains and East coast) Much of the climate varies by latitude

13 Vegetation Tundra Prairies (plains) Desert Scrub Forests
Cold, dry region covered with snow more than half of the year Prairies (plains) Rolling grassland Desert Scrub Short grasses (grazing) Forests Cover 1/3 of U.S.- Cover 1/2 of Canada

14 Section 3 Natural Resources

15 Natural Resources of the United States
Soil Dark soil -Midwest and South Alluvial - Along the Mississippi and other river valleys - deposited by water and floods Water Drinking, irrigation, manufacturing, shipping. Hydroelectricity - power generated by moving water

16 Natural Resources of the United States
Energy Coal, oil, natural gas Minerals Copper, gold, granite, iron ore, lead Trees Pacific NW, South, Great Lakes

17 Natural Resources of Canada
Farmland 9% is of Canada’s land is suitable for farming Prairie Provinces & St. Lawrence Lowlands Minerals and Energy Canadian Shield - Northern Canada Prairie Provinces - Oil and Natural Gas Hydroelectricity Forests

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