Presentation on theme: "Section 1: Physical Features Section 2: Climates and Biomes"— Presentation transcript:
1 Section 1: Physical Features Section 2: Climates and Biomes CHAPTER 7Natural Environments of North AmericaSection 1: Physical FeaturesSection 2: Climates and BiomesSection 3: Natural Resources
2 SECTION 1Physical FeaturesQuestion:What are the various landform regions of the United States and Canada?
3 Physical Features SECTION 1 Landform Regions of North America Region LocationDescriptionGulf-Atlantic Coastal Plainalong the Atlantic Ocean and Gulf of Mexicolong coastal plain, begins at sea level and gradually risesPiedmontAlabama to New Jerseyupland region at the foot of the AppalachiansAppalachian HighlandsAlabama to Southeastern Canadaseveral ranges, valleys, and ridges; low eroded mountainsInterior Plainsbetween Appalachians and Rocky Mountainsrolling hills, many rivers and lakes, productive soilsInterior HighlandsMissouri, Arkansas, and Oklahomaold eroded highlands
4 Physical Features (cont.) SECTION 1Physical Features (cont.)Landform Regions of North AmericaRegionLocationDescriptionGreat Plainssouth-central Canada to Texas and Mexicohigh plains, subregion of interior plainsCanadian ShieldArctic Ocean to Atlantic coastancient rock, heavily glaciated, little soilRocky MountainsNew Mexico to Canadaseveral high and rugged rangesIntermountain Basins and Plateausbetween Rockies and coastal mountain rangeshigh plateaus, deep canyons, isolated mountain ranges, desert basinsPacific Mountains and Valleysalong Pacific coasttwo mountain ranges separ- ated by a series of valleys
5 SECTION 2Climates and BiomesQuestion:What are the locations of the different climate types in the United States and Canada?
6 Climates and Biomes SECTION 2 Climate Types of North America tropical wet and dryvery tip of Florida, western Hawaiihumid subtropicalsoutheast United Stateshumid continentalnortheastern United States and southeastern CanadasemiaridGreat Plains, western mountainsaridareas east of Sierra Nevada and Cascadesmarine west coastsouthern Alaska through northern CaliforniaMediterraneansouthern and central Californiatropical humideastern Hawaiitundraacross northern Alaska to Newfoundland and Quebecsubarcticnorthern Canada and Alaska
7 Question: What natural resources can be found in North America? SECTION 3Natural ResourcesQuestion:What natural resources can be found in North America?
8 Agricultural resources SECTION 3Natural ResourcesAgricultural resources• large area• good climates for farming• fertile soils• provide enough food to feed population and leave a surplusForest resources• large forests and tree farms• produce wood for lumber, newsprint, pulpwood, and other forest products• leading producers and exportersWater resources• allow for irrigation and hydroelectricity production• rich fisheries along coastsResources of North AmericaMineral resources• nickel, zinc, uranium, lead, copper, gold, and silver in Canada• iron, copper, lead, zinc, gold silver, and other minerals in United StatesEnergy resources• huge coal reserves• major oil producer, but still must import• rich in natural gas
9 Chapter Wrap-Up CHAPTER 7 1. What physical process forms barrier islands? Where are they found in North America?2. What evidence of tectonic forces will you find in western areas of the United States and Canada?3. What can happen when different air masses come in contact with one another over the Great Plains?4. What major factors influence climates in the United States? How does nearness to the Great Lakes and the Atlantic Ocean influence the humid continental climate region of the northeastern Untied States?5. About 25 percent of the world’s reserves of which energy resource are found in the United States?