Presentation on theme: "Introduction to the United States and Canada"— Presentation transcript:
1Introduction to the United States and Canada Chapter 5 NotesIntroduction to theUnited States and Canada
21. Which country extends farther north? Answer: Canada
32. What ocean serves both Seattle and Vancouver? Answer: Pacific Ocean
43. What major cities have grown up in the region of the Great Lakes? Answer: Toronto, Chicago, Detroit, Cleveland, and Buffalo
54. What generalization can you make about the largest metropolitan areas? Answer: All border the ocean or great lakes except Dallas
61. Into which body of water does the Mississippi drain? Answer: Gulf of Mexico
72. What ranges lie between the Rockies and the Pacific coast? Answer: Alaska Range, Cascades, Coast Range, Coast Mountains, and Sierra Nevada
83. Which mountains do you think are older- the Appalachians or the Rockies? Answer: Appalachians
94. Which of these plains has the highest elevation? Answer: The Great Plains.
101. How does the picture of the night lights on page 119 compare to the population density map on page 118?Answer: Areas of bright light are concentrated in areas of high population density
112. How does a shopping mall reflect a high standard of living? Answer- Many consumer goods are available for purchase
123. About how many people live in the urban areas of Canada and the United States? Answer- Canada : 22.5 million, United States: 200 million
134. What is Northern 2/3’s of Canada sparsely populated? The climate is subarctic
144b. Where do most Americans live? Answer- East Coast and Great Lakes area
151. In what ways do the climates of U.S. and Canada differ? Answer- Canada is COLDER
162. What conclusions can you draw about temperate grasslands? Answer- They grow in areas that provide good farmland.
173. What type of vegetation does the region support? Answer- primarily desert scrub, along with regions of chaparral and coniferous forest
184. Where is the tundra region located? Answer- Extreme northern parts of Canada and the U.S.
191. What economic activity accounts for most of the environmental change? Answer- Farming
202. How does the physical geography of the region encourage links between the two countries? Answer- Shared waterways and no physical separations
213. In what other ways do you think the Great Lakes and the St 3. In what other ways do you think the Great Lakes and the St. Lawrence River are important to industry in the U.S. and Canada?They provide transportation routes for raw materials and finished goods
224. Why do you think there is controversy over economic activities that alter the environment? Answer- Logging: environment versus making a living
231. CordilleraA related set of mountain ranges.Continental divideSeparates rivers flowing toward opposite sides of the continent.
24Drainage BasinThe entire area of land that is drained by a major river and its tributariesTributaryRivers and streams that carry water to a major river.
25PrairieA temperate grassland characterized by a great variety of grasses.LiteracyThe ability to read and write.
26Standard of livingA measurement of a person’s or group’s education, housing, health care, and nutrition.Hydroelectric powerElectricity that is generated by moving water.
272. Name the landform that dominates the central United States and Canada. Answer: Plains
283. How has human activity affected the landscape of Canada and the U.S.? Answer: People have changed the environment so dramatically that little natural vegetation remains.
294. What role have abundant natural resources played in the economics of the U.S. and Canada? Answer: It has helped this region become a major producer of the world’s goods and services.
305. Which country lies closer to the equator? Answer: Canada6. Which Canadian city is situated southwest of Ottawa on the shores of Lake Ontario?Answer: Toronto