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Physical Geography of the United States and Canada Chapter 4.

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Presentation on theme: "Physical Geography of the United States and Canada Chapter 4."— Presentation transcript:

1 Physical Geography of the United States and Canada Chapter 4

2 United States and Canada contiguous Great Lakes Mississippi River Continental Divide

3 Physical Features Section 1

4 Major Landforms  United States and Canada  Form a region that covers most of North America  Canada  Second-largest country in the world  Russia is first

5 Major Landforms  United States   The 48 states in this part of the country are contiguous, or joined together inside a common boundary. contiguous

6 Major Landforms  Eastern Lowlands and Highlands   A fertile, hilly area called the Piedmont stretches inland from the coastal plain.   Coastal Plain   Cities include Houston and New Orleans

7 Major Landforms  Eastern Lowlands and Highlands  Appalachians  The oldest mountains in North America

8 Major Landforms  Interior Lowlands   Canadian Shield   a horseshoe-shaped area of rocky hills, lakes, and evergreen forests   wraps around the Hudson Bay

9 Major Landforms   Interior Lowlands   Chicago, Detroit, and Toronto are located here   Great Plains   Once provided food for millions of buffalo and the Native Americans who lived there

10 Major Landforms  Western Mountains and Plateaus At the eastern edge of the cordillera, the Rocky Mountains begin in Alaska and run south to New Mexico.

11 Major Landforms  Western Mountains and Plateaus   Mount McKinley   Alaska Range   rises to 20,320 feet (6,194 m), the highest point in North America

12 Major Landforms  Western Mountains and Plateaus  Canyons  Deep valleys with steep sides

13 Bodies of Water  The Great Lakes  Formed thousands of years ago by glaciers (large sheets of ice)   The waters of these connected lakes flow into the St. Lawrence River, which empties into the Atlantic Ocean.  One of Canada’s most important rivers

14 Bodies of Water  Mississippi River   North America’s longest river   Begins as a stream in Minnesota

15 Bodies of Water  The Continental Divide The high ridge of the Rocky Mountains is called the Continental Divide. divide a high point that determines the direction that rivers flow West of the divide Rivers flow toward the Pacific Ocean

16 Natural Resources Energy and Mineral ResourcesSoil, Timber, and Fish

17 Natural Resources  Energy and Mineral Resources  Texas  Ranks first in oil and natural gas reserves in the U.S.

18 Natural Resources  Energy and Mineral Resources  Coal   Mined in the Appalachian Mountains, Wyoming, and British Columbia   The region has enough coal to supply energy for about 400 years

19 Natural Resources  Energy and Mineral Resources  Niagara River  Flows north from Lake Erie to Lake Ontario


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