Presentation on theme: "Think Like a Scientist! Division of Academics and Transformation"— Presentation transcript:
1 Think Like a Scientist! Division of Academics and Transformation Mary Tweedy, Curriculum Support SpecialistKeisha Kidd, Curriculum Support SpecialistDr. Millard Lightburn, Instructional Supervisor
2 THE SCIENTIFIC METHODThe process, or steps scientists use to gather information and answer questions!
3 Scientific Method Overview Make Some Casual ObservationsDo Some Background ResearchForm a Hypothesis That is TestableExperiment to Test Your HypothesisAnalyze Results & Draw Conclusions
4 Step 1: Ask a Question What do you want to find out? Identify one question thatcan be answered byperforming an experiment.An experiment is a set of steps you follow to test a hypothesis.This question will be the Problem Statement.
6 Step 2: Make a Hypothesis Look at the Problem Statement and identify the one factor that can be tested. This is the manipulated or independent variable.Form an idea or educated prediction that can be tested by an experiment.Write down your Hypothesis: “If (I do this) then (this) will happen.”
7 Step 3: Plan the Investigation Identify and record the factors that can affectthe results of the experiment under Variables.1. Test (independent/manipulated) variable or thefactor that is changed in the experiment.(See previous Step 3.)2. Constant variables or all the factorsto be kept the same in the experiment.3. Outcome (dependent/responding) variable or the datato be collected during the experiment.4. Control Group (not found in all experiments)A group that is untreated by the factor being tested that serves as a reference for comparison to the experimental group.
8 Investigations to Collect Data SC.5.N.2.1 & SC.5.N.2.2 Karaoke Song
9 Step 4: Planning Continued Write your procedures or the steps you willfollow in your experiment.Each procedure step needs to be numbered.Each step needs to begin with a verb.These procedures will insure that all variables are kept the same (constant) or controlled except the one you are testing (independent).Identify control group = what remains the same (no variable).Figure out and collect the materials needed for the experiment.
10 Step 5: Collect, Organize, and Display Data Start the experiment.Observe and record the quantitative data (numbers or measurements) collected during the experiment on a data table.Repeat the experiment three or more times to confirm results.Take pictures during the experiment.Graph your data from all trials. (Dry Mix)Display under Data.Restate your data in a narrative form under results.
11 Step 6: Drawing Conclusions What was investigated? (Describe the problem statement.)Restate your hypothesis, and tell ifit was supported(true) or not supported (false).What were the major findings? (Explain your results.)Look at everything that may have affected your results. What possible explanationcan you offer for your findings?
12 Step 7: Making Applications What recommendations do you have for further study and for improving the experiment?Explain what you learned from your experiment that could be applied in real life.List any new question(s) that your experiment lead you to ask that could be tested in a new investigation.
14 Problem Statement (Question to Investigate) Does the temperature of the water affect how fast the coloredcoating dissolves from an M&M?
15 HypothesisWrite your own hypothesis.If ………………………, then………………..
16 Materials 3 Same-color M&M’s 1 White foam dessert plates (with measurements)Room-temperature waterHot waterCold waterMeasuring cupCentimeter rulerBucket or large bowlPaper towelsGraduated cylinder
17 Procedures (modified) Take the temperature of the room temperature water.Pour 50mL of room-temperature water into the plate.With the help of your partners, place a same-colored M&M in the center of the plate.Observe for 1 minute. (stopwatch online)Measure the distance in cm the colored coating traveled. (measure from the center).Record your observations on the activity sheet.Repeat steps 1-6 with the cold water, them hot water.Record data in chart on lab sheet.Have students share their observations.Ask students whether they noticed a difference in the movement of color in the different temperatures of water.
23 1. Ask a Question or State a Problem Asking WHAT? or HOW? to something you observed
24 2. Research your TopicGather information that will help you answer your question.Library, Internet, Interviews, Experiments
25 An educated guess! 3. State your HYPOTHESIS A Hypothesis is an explanation for a question that can be formally tested.An educated guess!If…then…
26 4. Design an ExperimentA procedure is designed to test your Hypothesis…Testing whether it is true or false.Must be repeatable, and easy to understand
27 In a well designed Experiment, you need to keep all variables the same except one. Test/Independent/Manipulated Variable: (CAUSE)The factor that is changed in an experiment…it is what you are testing!Constant/Control Variable(s):The factor(s) that remains the same!Outcome/Dependent/Responding Variable: (EFFECT) The data you collect
28 5. Conduct your Experiment Perform your experiment by following your written procedure.Be sure to follow all safety rules!
29 6. Collect DataThe observations and measurements you make in an experiment are called Data.
30 7. Analyze Data Did your experiment support your hypothesis? What happened during your experiment?Does additional research need to be conducted?
31 8. Conclusion Does your data and observations support your hypothesis? “My hypothesis was(supported or not supported)because __________”
32 Share your results and data with others. 9. CommunicationShare your results and data with others.Sources: written, spoken, video, TV, papers, lecture . . .
33 10. New ProblemForm a new question or state a New Problem on the same topic.What more can you learn?What do you still want to know?
34 Think Like a Scientist! Don’t Forget!!! Investigate Application Observe ExploreThink Like a Scientist!
35 Scientific Method - Resources Links Experiment vocabulary ControlExperimentThinking Like a ScientistFundamentals of Experimental Design