Presentation on theme: "The American Revolution"— Presentation transcript:
1The American Revolution SOL USI.6 Mrs. Stephens Social StudiesDoes England Rule? Have the colonists had enough? What were the causes of the American Revolution? Find out!
2Great Britain Rules!!Great Britain was expanding control over the American ColoniesMany colonists became dissatisfied and rebellious
3How did Great Britain control the colonies? EconomicControlled tradeTaxed the colonists after the French and Indian WarColonies traded raw materials for goods made in Great BritainPoliticalColonists had to obey British laws enforced by governorsGovernors were appointed by the kingColonial legislatures were monitored by the governors
4Patriot vs. Loyalist Patriot Colonist who want to be independent (free) of England’s control.LoyalistColonist who wanted to remain controlled by England.
5What were Great Britain’s reasons for control? Remain a world powerNeeded Money to pay for French and Indian War and British troops in the colonies. (Taxes)
6Reasons for Taxation Finance the French and Indian War Finance the maintenance of British troops in the colonies
7What is the Stamp Act? Important British tax on colonies – Stamp Act Colonists must buy stamps for all printed materialWhen: 1765Why? To pay for the cost of the French and Indian War
8The Stamp ActColonists threatened to tar and feather stamp commissioners
9Finally the colonies had enough! No representation in Parliament.“No Taxation Without Representation!”
10Colonists were dissatisfied! Resented power of colonial governors (appointed by the King)!England had strict control over colonial legislatures
11The colonists were dissatisfied! Opposed TaxesProclamation of 1763 that restricted westward movement
12What is the Proclamation of 1763? A law that said the colonists could not settle the Ohio ValleyThey fought the F&I war to win the Ohio ValleyColonists found this unfair (some wanted to move west)
13Why did the King issue the Proclamation of 1763? He thought it would be too expensive to protect the colonists in the Ohio Valley.2000 settlers had already died there.
14Letter to the KingImagine you are a colonist living in Boston Massachusetts. You have become angry and fed up about your life under British control. Write a letter to King George III explaining why you are dissatisfied with British control of the colonies.Must be in letter form. Explain the relationship between England and its colonies , the 5 things that make you dissatisfied, and what you want the king to do.Must be 1 full page neatly written on NB 59.
15Use Your Axes to Slash the Taxes What we Demand!!!Ability to move westGovernors with less powerA say in ParliamentNo taxesAbility to make our own laws
16How would you feel?What would be your point of view if you were living in England?Living in the colonies?For each side answer the following questions:How do you feel about taxes? Why?How do you feel about the king? Why?How do you feel about the Proclamation of 1763? Why?How do you feel about the Quartering Act? Why?
17Key Individuals of the Revolutionary War What role did key individuals play in the Revolutionary War?
18King George III (the king who lost America) British King during the Revolutionary War.
19Lord Cornwallis (the other man who lost America) British General who surrendered at Yorktown.
40New Ideas!New political ideas led to a desire for independence and democratic government in the American colonies
41Declaration of Independence Written by Thomas JeffersonBased on ideas expressed by European philosophersPeople have “unalienable rights” of life, liberty, and the pursuit of happinessPeople establish government to protect rightsGovernment derives power from the peoplePeople have a right and duty to change a government that violates their rights!
42How did the colonists defeat England? What advantages helped the American colonists with the Revolutionary war?
43Colonial Advantage 1Defense of their own land, principles, and beliefs