Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.


Similar presentations

Presentation on theme: "TYPES OF GOVERNMENTS."— Presentation transcript:


2 What Do You Think? What is government? The form or system of rule by which a state, community, etc., is governed. What is the purpose of government? Do you think we need government? Why or why not?

3 Kinds of Government Constitutional Totalitarian

4 Types of Governments Absolute Monarchy (Totalitarian)
Dictatorship (Totalitarian) Communist (Totalitarian) Democracy (Constitutional) Republic (Constitutional) Constitutional Monarchy (Constitutional)

5 Types of Government: Dictatorship
Rule by a single leader, who has not been elected May use force to keep control and imprisons anyone that disagrees with him. In a Military Dictatorship, the army is in control Germany’s Dictator: Adolf Hitler Bashar al-Assad, President of Syria

6 Examples of a Dictatorship:
North Korea Syria under Bashar al-Assad Germany under Adolf Hitler

7 Types of Government: Communist
Rule by a government that owns things like businesses and farms Seeks to establish a classless society (no upper class, middle class, and lower class) People have little to no rights and government makes all decisions for its citizens. Provides its people's healthcare, education and welfare

8 Examples of an Communism:
Cuba North Korea China

9 Who holds the power in an Absolute Monarchy?
King or Queen holds total power. A monarch inherits the right to rule and has unlimited power. People have little to no right.

10 Example of an Absolute Monarchy:
Saudi Arabia

11 Republic /Representative Democracy
Direct Democracy Republic /Representative Democracy First known democracy was in ancient Athens in the fifth century B.C. Democracy is Greek for “people-power” Citizens of ancient Athens assembled to make important decisions for their city-state They voted on issues directly The ancient Romans developed the first representative democracy Different social groups elected their own representatives Representatives met in assemblies The nobles were represented in the Senate Governmental power was divided between these two branches and they voted on various issues Show students this map of the spread of democracy. It lasts for 90 seconds.

12 Republic A republic is a government without a king or queen. Often, the people in a republic choose representatives to make decisions. Is the United States a republic? Explain your answer and give details about the United States government.

13 Types of Government: Republic (Representative Democracy)
Rule by a government that has a chief of state that is elected by the people he represents. In modern times, the head of a republic is usually a president or prime minister with term limits . Example: United States

14 Examples of a Republic:
United States France Mexico

15 Constitutional Monarchy
Power to appoint and dismiss the Prime Minister Power to issue and withdraw passports Power to summon, prorogue and dissolve Parliament Power to command the Armed Forces of the United Kingdom And several other powers not listed Constitutional Monarchy Domestic Powers The Chief of State of the British Kingdom is Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II The power to ratify and make treaties The power to declare War and Peace The power to deploy the Armed Forces overseas The power to recognize states The power to credit and receive diplomats Foreign Powers In the UK there are two Houses in Parliament. There specific duties and responsibilities are below. UK Parliament [edit] House of Commons Parliament meets at the Palace of Westminster Main article: British House of Commons The Countries of the United Kingdom are divided into parliamentary constituencies of broadly equal population by the four Boundary Commissions. Each constituency elects a Member of Parliament (MP) to the House of Commons at General Elections and, if required, at by-elections. As of 2010 there are 650 constituencies (there were 646 before that year's general election. Of the 650 MPs, all but one - Lady Sylvia Hermon - belong to a political party. In modern times, all Prime Ministers and Leaders of the Opposition have been drawn from the Commons, not the Lords. Alec Douglas-Home resigned from his peerages days after becoming Prime Minister in 1963, and the last Prime Minister before him from the Lords left in 1902 (the Marquess of Salisbury). One party usually has a majority in Parliament, because of the use of the First Past the Post electoral system, which has been conducive in creating the current two party system. The monarch normally asks a person commissioned to form a government simply whether it can survive in the House of Commons, something which majority governments are expected to be able to do. In exceptional circumstances the monarch asks someone to 'form a government' with a parliamentary minority[8] which in the event of no party having a majority requires the formation of a coalition government. This option is only ever taken at a time of national emergency, such as war-time. It was given in 1916 to Andrew Bonar Law, and when he declined, to David Lloyd George and in 1940 to Winston Churchill. A government is not formed by a vote of the House of Commons, it is a commission from the monarch. The House of Commons gets its first chance to indicate confidence in the new government when it votes on the Speech from the Throne (the legislative programme proposed by the new government). [edit] House of Lords Main article: House of Lords The House of Lords was previously a largely hereditary aristocratic chamber, although including life peers, and Lords Spiritual. It is currently mid-way through extensive reforms, the most recent of these being enacted in the House of Lords Act The house consists of two very different types of member, the Lords Temporal and Lords Spiritual. Lords Temporal include appointed members (life peers with no hereditary right for their descendants to sit in the house) and ninety-two remaining hereditary peers, elected from among, and by, the holders of titles which previously gave a seat in the House of Lords. The Lords Spiritual represent the established Church of England and number twenty-six: the Five Ancient Sees (Canterbury, York, London, Winchester and Durham), and the 21 next-most senior bishops. The House of Lords currently acts to review legislation initiated by the House of Commons, with the power to propose amendments, and can exercise a suspensive veto. This allows it to delay legislation if it does not approve it for twelve months. However, the use of vetoes is limited by convention and by the operation of the Parliament Acts 1911 and 1949: the Lords may not veto the "money bills" or major manifesto promises (see Salisbury convention). Persistent use of the veto can also be overturned by the Commons, under a provision of the Parliament Act Often governments will accept changes in legislation in order to avoid both the time delay, and the negative publicity of being seen to clash with the Lords. However the Lords still retain a full veto in acts which would extend the life of Parliament beyond the 5 year term limit introduced by the Parliament Act 1911. The Constitutional Reform Act 2005 outlined plans for a Supreme Court of the United Kingdom to replace the role of the Law Lords. The House of Lords was replaced as the final court of appeal on civil cases within the United Kingdom on 1 October 2009, by the Supreme Court of the United Kingdom. What governmental responsibilities do you think the Parliament in Britain has? Power to make laws

16 Why is the United States not a constitutional monarch?
How can you explain the diffusion of this form of government around the world? Why is the United States not a constitutional monarch? Do you notice any patterns to where the constitutional monarchies are located? Why does Canada use this form of government? Who is their monarch? This file is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 Unported license. Constitutional monarchies with representative parliamentary systems are shown in green. Other constitutional monarchies are shown in light green.

17 Then who makes and enforces laws?
Anarchy No government at all… WAIT! Then who makes and enforces laws?

18 What do you think that would be like?
Anarchy No government at all… In an anarchy there is no government to make or enforce laws. What do you think that would be like?


Similar presentations

Ads by Google