Presentation on theme: "Systems of Government Autocracy A system of government in which supreme political power is held by one person. This is one of the oldest and most common."— Presentation transcript:
Systems of Government
Autocracy A system of government in which supreme political power is held by one person. This is one of the oldest and most common forms of government.
Totalitarian Dictatorship A form of government in which the ruler is not restricted by a constitution or laws or opposition etc.
Examples of Totalitarian Dictatorships Adolf Hitler- Nazi party of Germany Vladimir Stalin- Communist party of the Soviet Union Benito Mussolini – Fascist party of Italy
Military Dictatorship A form of dictatorship in which the political power resides in the military. Mixed forms exist where the military exerts a strong influence without being entirely dominant.
Examples of Military Dictatorships In places in Latin America military dictatorships called juntas exist. Saddam Husseins rule in Iraq started as a one party state ruled by the Baath party, but over the course of its existence it turned into a military dictatorship.
In Dictatorships… A single leader determines government policy. Can come to power through revolution or election. The dictator seeks to control all aspects of social and economic life.
Absolute Monarchy A form of government in which a King or Queen exercises the supreme powers of government. Monarchs usually inherit their positions.
Example of an Absolute Monarchy Saudi Arabia
Democracy Greek for rule of the people. Any system of government in which leaders rule with the consent of the citizens.
Democratic Republic In a Democratic Republic voters elect all major officials, who are responsible to the people. The head of state or head of government is usually a President elected for a specific term.
Examples of Democratic Republics United States France
Constitutional Monarchy A constitutional monarchy is a form of monarchial government established under a constitutional system which acknowledges a hereditary or elected monarch as head of state. Today these monarchies only play a ceremonial role.
Examples of Constitutional Monarchies United Kingdom Canada
Oligarchy A system of government in which power is held by a small group of people. The group power may be derived from wealth, military power, social position, religion, or a combination of these.
Example of a Oligarchy Communist China under control Chairman Mao was controlled both by the leaders of the Communist Party and also by the Armed forces. Like a dictatorship, except is ruled by a small group verses just one person.
Theocracy A Nation-State in which the clergy exercise political power and religious law.
Example of a Theocracy Iran under Ayatollah Khomeini who took power in 1979 after the overthrow of the Shah.
Two forms of Government Systems
Federalist System Government system in which the power is divided between the national (aka federal) government, and state and local governments.
Examples of Federalist Systems United States Canada Mexico Australia Federalist systems cannot exist in totalitarian governments.
Unitary System In a unitary system all key powers go to the national/federal government. This government than creates the state, provincial, and local governments and gives them limited sovereignty.
Examples of Unitary Systems United Kingdom France Italy China North Korea
Similarities and Differences These are similar because either one could be used in any of the government systems. (Besides totalitarian governments) These are different from each other in the way that power is spread.