Presentation on theme: "[SUPPORTING STANDARD]"— Presentation transcript:
1 [SUPPORTING STANDARD] FORMS OF GOVERNMENT How are the same forms of government used differently in different places?WG.14.BCompare how democracy, dictatorship, monarchy, republic, theocracy, and totalitarian systems operate in specific countries[SUPPORTING STANDARD]
2 Government systemthe organization that people set up to protect their community and to enforce its rules.
3 Types of Government Systems: AUTOCRACY:DictatorshipMonarchyConstitutionalCommunistAbsoluteMilitaryJuntaDEMOCRACY:OLIGARCHY-CommunismTheocracyDirectRepresentative(AKA REPUBLIC)Totalitarianism
4 Military Junta:a government led by a committee of military leaders. The term derives from the Spanish word junta, meaning committee or meeting; specifically a board of directorsExamples: Thailand & Myanmar
5 Fascism:a way of organizing a society in which a government ruled by a dictator controls the lives of the people and in which people are not allowed to disagree with the governmentvery harsh control or authorityExamples: Nazi Germany, Totalitarianism, & Communist government
6 Despotism:A form of rule where a single leader rules the entire population and all his or her subjects are considered slaves.Example: The Pharaoh of Egypt or Tyrannical rule
7 AnarchyAnarchy is a situation where there is no government. This can happen after a civil war in a country, when a government has been destroyed and rival groups are fighting to take its place.Anarchists are people who believe that government is a bad thing in that it stops people organizing their own lives.Example: After President is killed in Rwanda and the Rwandan Genocide occurs
8 Revolution:If a government is overthrown by force, the new ruling group is sometimes called a revolutionary government.Examples: Russian Revolution of 1919, American Revolution, & Cuban Revolution
9 TransitionalA country that is changing from one type of government to another has a transitional government.For example, a dictatorship may turn into a democracy after the dictator dies.The change between governments can take several years.Example: Afghanistan
10 THEY ARE BOTH A TYPE OF AUTOCRACY political power is held by one personMonarch; king or queenDictatorEmperorTSAR
11 AUTOCRACYA government system where political power is held by one personExamples:Absolute Monarchy; king or queenDictatorshipEmperorTSAR
12 Monarchy: THERE ARE 2 TYPES: Constitutional- king or queen is bound by the law; constitutionDo not have power over nation-stateFigurehead onlyNo real authorityHave to follow the rules and lawsAbsolute- king or queen has complete power over the nation-stateDoes not have to follow any rules or laws at ALLAll taxes go to king or queen
13 Constitutional Monarchy: A government system where a king or queen are bound by the law; constitutionAlso known as a Parliamentary GovernmentDo not have power over nation-stateFigurehead onlyNo real authorityHave to follow the rules and lawsExamples-United Kingdom
14 Absolute Monarchy:A government system where a king or queen has complete power over the nation-state (country).Does not have to follow any rules or laws at ALLAll taxes go to king or queenExamples:Saudi Arabia
15 ANOTHER TYPE OF AUTOCRACY IS A:DICTATORSHIPPOWER IS ACQUIRED BY FORCEDICTATOR HAS ABSOLUTE CONTROL OVER CITIZENSOPPOSITION IS SUPPRESSEDNO FREEDOM OF SPEECHRELIGION IS OUTLAWEDA.K.A. MILITARY JUNTAS IN LATIN AMERICA & COMMUNIST DICTATORS
16 Representative Democracy: A government system in which people vote and choose leadersLeaders who are elected write & manage laws for the countryLeaders are bound by a ConstitutionAlso known as a REPUBLICExample: Roman Republic (Roman Empire innovated the Athenian Democracy)
17 Direct Democracy:A government system where all citizens can participate & VOTE (MAJORITY RULE WINS)People control all the POLITICAL powerResponsible for creating & passing laws of the landExamples- Ancient Athens (Greek civilization)
18 Oligarchy- Power rests with a small number of people. Example: Royalty WealthyFamily tiesmilitary controlExample:Communist governmentTotalitarian governmentAbsolute Monarchy
19 COMMUNIST GOVERNMENT GOVERNMENT HAS COMPLETE CONTROL OF CITIZENS Government planners decide what will be producedGovernment owns ALL propertyNO FREEDOMS, RELIGION IS OUTLAWED, & NO LIBERTIES AT ALLExample: The Former Soviet Union (Russia), Cuba, & China
20 THEOCRACY RULED BY GOD OR HIGHER POWER Example: Iran Religious leaders are in control of countryLaws are based on their religious bookDisputes are settled by religious rules and regulationsControlled by their religion & religious leadersExample: Iran
21 TOTALITARIANISMPolitical power is controlled TOTALLY by the governmentGovernment controls all aspects of lifePeople can only belong to organizations controlled by governmentNo religion is allowedOne leader or political party maintains complete control of populationPeople who oppose government are arrested & sent to labor camps or killedExample: Nazi Germany, Fascism, & Communist Governments
22 What’s the difference in the forms of government? Sources:COMMUNISM THEOCRACYHOW IS RELIGION VIEWED IN BOTH THESE TYPES OF GOVERNMENT?
23 What’s the difference in the forms of government? CONSTITUTIONAL MILITARY DICTATORSHIPMONARCHYWhat are modern differences in government types with ONE un-elected, permanent leader?Sources:SOURCE:SOURCE:
24 What’s the difference in the forms of government? SOURCE:SOURCE:REPUBLIC TOTALITARIANISMWhat’s the difference in how power is vested in a system and the relationship of the people to power?SOURCE:
25 What’s the difference in the forms of government? SOURCE:ABSOLUTE MONARCHY DIRECT DEMOCRACYWhat’s the difference in these forms of government? How many people are considered vested with power?Sources:
26 How are these two forms of government alike? SOURCE:SOURCE:OLIGARCHY DICTATORSHIPWhat is the similarity between these types of governments?Sources:
27 Let’s see what we know… Which are you ready to answer, and which do you need a peek? Which of the following best explains the difference between a constitutional monarchy and dictatorship? F power is vested in one person in a constitutional monarchy G power is divided among citizens in a dictatorship H dictators are limited in their application fo power J constitutional monarchies limit the monarch’s power through elected parliamentsWhat is the difference between democracy in Canada and in the United States? A Canada is a commonwealth of a constitutional monarchy B Canada’s government is totalitarian C The United States government has unlimited power D The United States has a commonwealth relationship with Great BritainQuestions by: YISD Social Studies Team
28 Talk to each other, and then talk to me… WG.14.BCompare how democracy, dictatorship, monarchy, republic, theocracy, and totalitarian systems operate in specific countries.How are the same forms of government used differently in different places?
33 How do countries differ in their forms of government? Still MonarchyBecame Republics after independence from a monarchy or colonial powerGave up monarchySOURCES:Which countries still have a monarchy or constitutional monarchy?
34 MONARCHIES STILL STANDING NationTitle (in English)Constitutional Limitations EstablishedJapanEmpire1947Great BritainKingdom1688 (Commonwealths: Canada, Australia, New Zealand, etc. )Spain1977Netherlands1848Sweden1809Belgium1830Denmark184921 more…8 are Constitutional MonarchiesSOURCE:SOURCE:
35 How do countries differ in their forms of government? SOURCE:According to this source, which countries offer the most rights to their people, and which the least?Which would you guess follow: Republicanism, Totalitarianism, or something in between?SOURCE:
36 How do countries differ in their forms of government? NOTE: Not all citizens in the United States exercise their vote. As such, it’s engagement is not as fully realized as in other republics such as Canada, Australia, or Greenland. “Flawed democracies” are those that do no always honor the rights accorded its citizens in their own constitutions, or that do not always procedurally honor its election processes or results.According to this source, where is democracy most fully engaged? Do you agree or disagree with the sources interpretation?
37 A Tale of Two FreedomsStill MonarchyCanada and the United States are both democracies. What accounts for the difference in their type of government if they are both democracies?