Presentation on theme: "Ohio Resource Network www.ebasedprevention.org or 1-800-788-72541 The Ohio Resource Network for Safe and Drug Free Schools and Communities University of."— Presentation transcript:
Ohio Resource Network www.ebasedprevention.org or 1-800-788-72541 The Ohio Resource Network for Safe and Drug Free Schools and Communities University of Cincinnati Bonnie Hedrick, Ph.D., Director Robert Canning, M.Ed., Assistant Director United States Secret Service and the United States Department of Education Washington D.C July 2004 ED Pubs, Education Publications Center, U.S. Dept. of Education, P.O. Box 1398 Jessup MD 20794-1398 1—877-433-7827 United States Departments of Education and Secret Service Final Report”
Ohio Resource Network www.ebasedprevention.org or 1-800-788-72542 Final Report and Findings of the Safe School Initiative: Implications for the prevention of school attacks in the United States Investigated shooters from 37 incidents of targeted school violence that occurred in the U. S. from December 1974 through May 2000
Ohio Resource Network www.ebasedprevention.org or 1-800-788-72543 After extensive examination, the following Final Report Findings were cited Attackers were 13-18 yrs old (85 percent, n=35) Three quarters of the attackers were white (76 percent, n=31) Almost two thirds of the attackers came from two parent families (63 percent, n=26) Largest group were well socialized and considered mainstream (41 percent n=17) Nearly two-thirds of the attackers had never been or rarely in trouble at school (63 percent n=26)
Ohio Resource Network www.ebasedprevention.org or 1-800-788-72544 Final Report and Findings continued Largest group of attackers doing well in school As and Bs in their courses (41 percent n=17) Most attackers showed no marked change in academic performance (56 percent n=23), friendship patterns (73 percent n=30), interest in school (59 percent n=24), or school disciplinary problems (68 percent n=28) prior to their attacks. Almost three-quarters of the attackers felt persecuted, bullied or injured by others prior to the attack (71 percent n=29)
Ohio Resource Network www.ebasedprevention.org or 1-800-788-72545 Final Report and Findings continued -- ATTACKERS -- Interest in violent movies (27 percent n=11) Interest in violent books (24 percent n=10) Interest in violent video games (12 percent n=5) Interest in violence in their own writings such as poems, essays, or journal entries (37 percent n=15)
Ohio Resource Network www.ebasedprevention.org or 1-800-788-72546 HOWEVER every shooter displayed behavior leading up to the incident * difficulty coping with loss * their behavior was flagged by others at school * other students were talked to… * other student(s) were asked to take part… * almost three-quarters of the attackers felt persecuted, bullied or injured by others prior to the attack
Ohio Resource Network www.ebasedprevention.org or 1-800-788-72547 Final Report 10 key findings 1.Attacks were rarely sudden, impulsive acts. 2.Most attackers did not threaten targets prior to attack. 3.Most attackers engaged in behavior prior to the incident that caused others to be concerned. 4.Most attackers had difficulty coping with significant losses or personal failures. 5.Most attackers had access to and had used weapons prior to the attack. 6.Most attackers were stopped by other means other than law enforcement interventions.
Ohio Resource Network www.ebasedprevention.org or 1-800-788-72548 Final Report 10 key findings, continued 7.Other people knew about the attacker’s idea and/or plan to attack. 8.In many cases other students were involved in some capacity. 9.71 percent of the attackers felt persecuted, bullied or were injured by others prior to the attack. There is no accurate or useful profile.
Ohio Resource Network www.ebasedprevention.org or 1-800-788-72549 37 Incidents of targeted school violence by month September 25 th October 1 st 5 th 12 th(2) and 15 th November 8 th 15 th and 19 th December 1 st(2), 4 th 6 th 14 th(2) 15 th and 30 th January 18 th 21 st and 23 rd February 2 nd 8 th and 19 th March 2 nd 24 th 25 th April 16 th 20 th and 24 th May 1 st 14 th 18 th 19 th 20 th 24 th and 26 th(2) 9 28 School Year Monthly Incidents spring fall
Ohio Resource Network www.ebasedprevention.org or 1-800-788-725410 1992-2005 All School Year Violence First half vs Second half 43 Students killed 23 Students killed
Ohio Resource Network www.ebasedprevention.org or 1-800-788-725411 School Safety Plans need to address Mitigation/ prevention (minimize or mitigate impact thru policy/ steps to improve culture and climate) Preparedness….. It will occur, so crisis plan is needed Response…containment vs. resolution Recovery …meeting mental health needs Why? If a school, district, or state does not take all necessary actions in good faith to create safe schools, it could be vulnerable to a suit for negligence. Source: U.S. Dept. of Education: Safe and Drug-Free Schools Division
Ohio Resource Network www.ebasedprevention.org or 1-800-788-725412 Emergency Operations Manual Template All hazards approach Levels of threat First Responder contact information Emergency Staging areas Emergency Preparedness Roles and Responsibilities School Drills Cancel, lockdown, evacuation, shelter-in-place etc. Secondary Protective Response Options Drop, cover and hold, hit the deck Forms (ex: bomb threat caller information to be collected)
Ohio Resource Network www.ebasedprevention.org or 1-800-788-725413 “I believe that parents drop off their kids in the morning at my door….safe and sound. It is my job to keep them as safe as humanly possible until I give them back… but I’ve got to tell you, every school is but one breath away from what could be a major crisis.” Mike Hall, Principal
Ohio Resource Network www.ebasedprevention.org or 1-800-788-725414 So what should a “one breath away” School Safety Plan look like? The School’s best safety plan is its people … Kids are partners “safe keepers” of each other and adults. They hear and read about school violence, and they want a safe environment too. The school’s best safety plan has a philosophy that makes communication key to preventing violence And Communication involves: * A well thought out Visitor policy that can do two things: 1. Welcome all; and 2. Asking the visitor why they are there * word of mouth ….kids tapping into other kid’s problems * trusting adults …in the building for students to talk with * trusting adults …that students know will handle their concern properly
Ohio Resource Network www.ebasedprevention.org or 1-800-788-725415 Communication continued * Keyless entry system (computer control to change quickly) * Parking lot cameras with trained students empowered to to watch them (safe keepers) Needed… a personalized environment (school climate and culture that is accepting of all students/staff), break the student body down into smaller units. So if a student is having a problem, support people can deal with that effectively Note: metal detectors, surveillance cameras don’t keep watch…. People keep watch
Ohio Resource Network www.ebasedprevention.org or 1-800-788-725416 All School Staff need Quick Guides which include Common Drills and Crisis Team Procedures Incident Command System Activation Evacuation LockdownShelter-in- Place CBRNE shelter-in- place Hit the DeckDrop, Cover and Hold Relocating Students Releasing Students School Safety Team First Aid Team Counseling Team
* Stay calm; your attitude/actions will be mirrored by student * Take class roster when evacuating the classroom/ building* Remember structural damage may block usual evacuation routes * Care for emotionally, medically fragile `students * If bomb threat, do not touch, move or disturb unidentified packages. Do not use walkie-talkies or cell phones as they have the potential to detonate bomb(s) Incident Command System Evacuation Lockdown School Crisis Management Guide: For Timely Response to School Emergencies One guide per adult in your school district Free while quantities last at our clearinghouse by calling 1-800- 788-7254 opt #1
U.S. DOE Practical Information on Crisis Planning Write to: ED Pubs, Education Publications Center, V.S. Dept. of Ed. P.O. Box 1398, Jessup, MD 20794-1398 Phone # 1-800-USA-LEARN Order on line: www.ed.gov/about/ordering.jspTTY# 1-800- 437-0833www.ed.gov/about/ordering.jsp
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