2 Why Britain? The Industrial Revolution began in Britain due to ResourcesNew technologyEconomic ConditionsPolitical & social conditions
3 Why Britain? Resources New Technology Large supplies of coal Plentiful ironLarge population large work forceNew TechnologySkilled mechanics willing to meet demand for new, practical inventions
4 Why Britain? Economic Conditions Political & Social Conditions Trade allowed Britain’s economy to prosperAccumulated capital- wealth to invest in enterprises such as shipping, mines, railroads & factoriesPolitical & Social ConditionsStable governmentStrong navyReligious attitudes: supported hard work
5 Changes in the Textile Industry “Putting Out” System- raw cotton was distributed to peasant families who spun it into thread & then wove thread into clothMajor Inventions- to meet demand for clothFlying Shuttle- weave fabrics quicklySpinning Jenny- spun many threads at the same timeWaterframe- Used water power to speed up spinning
6 The First Factories New machines too large to operate at home Factories- Places that brought together workers and machines to produce large quantities of goodsLocated near rivers/streams for water power
7 Revolution in Transportation Faster & cheaper way of moving goods from place to placeOn LandTurnpikes- Privately built roads that charged a fee to travelers who used themSteam Locomotive- Made the growth of railroads possible (railroads do not have to follow course of river)On SeaSteamboat- Improved shipping, traveled very quicklyCarried times cargo of wooden ships
8 Invention AssignmentChoose ANY invention from the Industrial Revolution. On a white sheet of paper, you will tell me:Invention Name & InventorDescription (paragraph)Impact (paragraph)Connection to Today (paragraph)Picture of the inventionYou can use your book (pg. 496) or notes. You may have to do additional research on your own.Due tomorrow. You have class time today to work on this.