Presentation on theme: "CAUSES OF THE INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION IN ENGLAND England/British Empire THE PURPLE SLIDES HAVE YOUR ANSWERS."— Presentation transcript:
CAUSES OF THE INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION IN ENGLAND England/British Empire THE PURPLE SLIDES HAVE YOUR ANSWERS
3.Britain’s advantages 1. Advancements in Agriculture 2. Rise and Fall of Cottage Industry 4. New inventions in textiles 5. Improvements in Transportation 6. Railways Factory and Industry In Cities Subsistence Farming in the Country
READING ONE: #1. What was the Agricultural Revolution Improvements in farming that led to healthier and more workers for factories
⌂ #2. What were enclosures? Enclosure Acts fence in lands and give ownership to just a few Agricultural Revolution Begins in England ⌂ #3. Describe 1 change of the Agricultural Revolution Improvements included the seed drill, new crops like turnips, selective breeding of livestock and crop rotation
READING TWO: #4 What was the Cottage Industry The beginning of small industry when farmers began to spin and weave wool in their homes for city merchants
#5: What were the advantages of the cottage industry? ⌂ Farmers needed work in winter and this made them extra money. ⌂ Whole families could work together in their own home ⌂ Merchants sold more cloth at cheaper prices. England grew richer.
The End of the Cottage Industry #6. Why did the cottage industry end? ⌂ New technology made faster machines but farmers couldn’t afford them. Only factories could ⌂ Farmers also started losing jobs due to enclosure and increased agricultural production
READING THREE: #7 What were three advantages Britain had over others included a warm climate, stable political system, rivers and easy water transportation and access to natural resources Tin Coal Flat
READING FOUR: Inventions of Industrial Revolution #8. How did the spinning jenny change the textile industry? ⌂ It spun more thread at one time increasing production and lowering costs. #9. What was the overall effect of the machines on the production of goods in the home? ⌂ The new machines were too expensive for farmers so merchants built factories and people moved to cities. #10. what was the impact of the cotton gin on English cotton products ⌂ The cotton gin made it easier for the seeds to be removed so the English could make more cotton products.
Necessity is the Mother of Invention Need to make something else faster New Invention Make it faster Flying shuttle needed more thread Invent Spinning Jenny Now need faster weaving Invent spinning mule
READING FIVE : Improvements in Transportation ⌂ #11 How did the steam engine help Britain? The steam engine ran the machines in factories without having to rely on water power. Cheaper and faster and more reliable. ⌂ #12. How did water transportation help Britain? Britain was an island location with easy to navigate rivers. plus they developed a series of canals that connected their river systems. ⌂ #13. What was a turnpike? A turnpike was a road that a businessman built for profit. He then charged people to use it.
READING SIX Railway Age Begins #14. Who was George Stephenson? An engineer who built the first locomotive called the rocket that connected Liverpool and Manchester. #15. Describe two ways that the locomotive changed Britain? ⌂ More jobs for people in railroads and faster/cheaper transportation of goods. Easier commuting, and connected the country.
THE BIG PICTURE REMINDER! ⌂ Could you write a paragraph with the following topic sentence…. ⌂ There were many causes of the Industrial Revolution in England…
3. England’s advantages 1. Agricultural Revolution 2. Rise and Fall of Cottage Industry 4. New inventions in textiles 5. Improvements in Transportation 6. Railways Factory and Industry In cities Subsistence Farming In country Lots of healthier people needed jobs and moved to cities Families couldn’t afford new machines In homes England had geographic advantages and political stability New inventions and transportation Improvement brought more machines