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Bellringer SOL Challenge

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Presentation on theme: "Bellringer SOL Challenge"— Presentation transcript:

1 Bellringer SOL Challenge
BJOTD: Why did the mouse sleep under the oil can? Submitted by Aanal Gandhi and Lucas Martin

2 Agenda Finish Nation-states (20 minutes) Towns-Black Death (20 mins)
Renaissance Art (10 mins) Renaissance (rest of class)

3 The Rise of Towns and the Black Death

4 Changes in the Late Middle Ages
Farming improves Climate warms up and opens up new areas for farming New techniques are developed Increased farming led to more food What does more food lead to? Trade began expanding due to Crusades Fairs- people from manors go to trade goods Guilds- group of people doing the same job Sort of like a union- helped to control wages

5 Trade and Finance Expand
Towns grow with increased population People begin specializing their work again Towns were crowded and unplanned Streets were narrow, full of animals No sewers, human waste dumped in streets Town growth begins to ruin feudal system Feudal lords still controlled lands Rebellions were common against landlord

6 The City Makes a Comeback
People need to borrow money for business Crusades encouraged the use of credit and banking Letters of credit expanded the supply of money and made trade faster Money lenders are needed Usury (charging interest on loaned money) is illegal for Christians Jews could charge interest and so become the first lenders New accounting and bookkeeping practices using Arabic numerals were introduced

7 Education in the Middle Ages
Education still largely confined to the clergy, who were among the few literate people in the Middle Ages Made new knowledge in philosophy, medicine, and science available in Europe This new learning laid the foundation for the rise of universities in Europe

8 The Black Death

9 The Spread of the Black Death

10 Effects of the Plague Population severely dropped
From 450 million to between million Trade declined and prices rose Workers were hard to find Why? Church loses significant power Feudalism crumbles People’s view of life changes in 2 ways Some pessimistic – world is going to end  Some optimistic- Eat, drink and be merry 

11 The Renaissance A rebirth of art and learning based on the ideas of ancient Greece and Rome. How did these ideas get back to Europe?

12 Italy during the Renaissance

13 Advantages of Location for Northern Italian Cities during the Renaissance
Florence, Venice, and Genoa Had access to trade routes connecting Europe with Middle Eastern markets Served as trading centers for the distribution of goods to Northern Europe Were initially independent city-states governed as republics

14 Key Concept The Renaissance produced new ideas that were reflected in the arts, philosophy, and literature. People wealthy from newly expanded trade, called patrons, sponsored works that glorified states in northern Italy. Education became increasingly secular.


16 Machiavelli’s Ideas about Power
Background: Machiavelli observed city-state rulers of his day and produced guidelines for the acquisition and maintenance of power by absolute rule

17 Machiavelli published his ideas in a book called The Prince
An early modern treatise on government Supported absolute rule of the ruler Maintains that the ends justify the means Advises that one should do good if possible, but do evil when necessary

18 Medieval Art vs Renaissance Art

19 Renaissance Art Human emotions and Feelings
Life-like gestures and action Religious and secular (non-religious) themes Greek and Roman Architecture


21 Art and Literature Medieval art and literature-focused on the church and salvation Renaissance art and literature-focused on individuals and worldly (secular) matters, along with Christianity

22 Italian Renaissance Artists and Writers
Leonardo da Vinci-Mona Lisa and the Last Supper Michelangelo-ceiling of the Sistine Chapel and David Petrarch-sonnets, humanist scholarship

23 Leonardo da Vinci

24 Da Vinci’s Tank

25 Michelangelo

26 Donatello

27 The Northern Renaissance
Background-with the rise of trade, travel, and literacy, the Italian Renaissance spread to northern Europe

28 Art and Literature changed as different cultures adopted Renaissance ideas:
Growing wealth in Northern Europe supported Renaissance ideas. Northern Renaissance thinkers merged humanist ideas with Christianity. The moveable type printing press and the production and sale of books (Gutenberg Bible) helped spread ideas.

29 Important Artists and Writers of the Northern Renaissance
Erasmus-The Praise of Folly (1511) Sir Thomas More-Utopia (1516) SIGNIFICANCE-that Northern Renaissance artists portrayed religious and secular subjects

30 Next Class… Essay :(NOT Compare/Contrast)Analyze and discuss
The emergence and development of nation-states(France, Spain, England, Russia) The motivations behind the Crusades The impact of the Black Death on the Late Middle Ages The impact of the Crusades on the Late Middle Ages On Friday: Multiple Choice All information from Chapter 14—book and class activities 50 MC questions 40 SOL, 10 AP

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