Presentation on theme: "Lesson 4 – Cuban Missile Crisis Essential Question What impact did the Cuban Missile Crisis have on Cold War relations? Learning Outcomes - Students will:"— Presentation transcript:
Lesson 4 – Cuban Missile Crisis Essential Question What impact did the Cuban Missile Crisis have on Cold War relations? Learning Outcomes - Students will: o Preview – Nuclear Map o Learn about the buildup to the Cuban Missile Crisis Success Criteria I can add to my essential question Leave space for 1 LESSON
Preview What does this map show? How do you think the USSR would react to this?
Vocab Castro Bay of Pigs Black Saturday Hot line
Background Guantanamo Bay – since 1902 (Spanish-American War), the US has had a military base on Cuba o US interest on the island Jan 7, 1959 – Castro, through revolution, becomes leader of Cuba o US refuses to give Castro economic assistance o Feb 1960 - Castro forced to turn to the USSR for aid
Bay of Pigs March 1960 – President Eisenhower plans a secret invasion to Cuba using the CIA to overthrow Castro o JFK learns of the plan when he arrives and continues The plan proves a complete failure Impact o JFK is humiliated and seen as imperialist o Castro gains further support and comes closer to the USSR
Cuban Missile Crisis 1962 - U-2 spy planes over Cuba found nuclear instillations being built Context o Congressional Elections upcoming o Failure of the Bay of Pigs still fresh on everyone’s mind – JFK is weak on communism o Poll 62% Americans unhappy with Cuba o First time, USSR nuclear weapons can reach the US What would you do if you were JFK? Think about what you will tell the US public Reaction? 1.Do Nothing – US have nukes that can reach the USSR. Only fair now. 2.Offer a deal – remove nukes in Cuba for Turkey 3.Invasion of Cuba – remove Castro 4.Blockade Cuba – keep USSR away 5.Bomb missile sites 6.Use nuclear weapons
You are a US foreign policy advisor o How would you handle this situation? What to think about? o What is your goal? o Situation on the ground o Options + Consequences What do I do about …?
Cuban Missile Crisis JFK orders a naval blockade o Oct 24 – USSR ships stop in front of US blockade Black Saturday – Oct 27 o USSR demands US remove missiles in Turkey o U2 spy plane is shot down over Cuba o US demands USSR remove missiles or the US would invade Cuba Oct 28 – reach an agreement o Public - Khrushchev will remove weapons (Nov 1) in Cuba if US doesn’t invade o Private – US removes weapons in Turkey
Consequences 1.Hot Line is created o Direct line of communication 2.3 months after, US removes nukes in Turkey and Italy 3.USSR determined to have nuclear capability with US (achieved 1972) 4.US convinced USSR won’t go to war over another communist country (Vietnam)
What I will check? 1.Vocab definition? 2.Did you take notes for today? 3.What impact did the Cuban Missile Crisis have on Cold War relations? How do you believe the Cuban Missile Crisis impacted relations between the superpowers? Did you add a vocab word? Note-taking Check! If we do not answer the essential question in class, your HW is to add 1~2 sentences after each class