Class Starter Write down one question you have about Kennedy’s domestic policies, or the Spectrum.
Review Kennedy’s Best and Brightest His New Frontier Two Part approach to Economy Civil Rights Space Race
Kennedy’s Foreign Policies Fidel Castro/Cuba Bay of Pigs Cold War in Berlin Cuban Missile Crisis Easing Tensions Aid in Developing Countries
Fidel Castro Communist Regime, 1959 90 Miles Away in Cuba Cuban Exiles: Leaving Cuba and escaping to Florida. What was the CIA doing?
Bay of Pigs CIA Officials, Training Cuban Exiles to Return to Cuba to attack Castro. This was believed to spark a revolution for Cubans to rise up and rebel. Was done in order to overthrow the communist regime in Cuba Time to act was “Now or Never” April, 17 1961 What Happened? Disaster, Boats filled with Exiles, ran aground on Coral Reef. Once they Reached land… Cuban troops quickly killed or captured them, uprising never took place. Did Kennedy take the blame? “Victory has a thousand fathers, but defeat is an orphan” Spectrum?
Cold War Tensions in Berlin Summit Meeting in Vienna with… Nikita Khrushchev East Berlin: Capital of communist East Germany West Berlin: Under the control of the Allies Border between Eastern and Western Europe was closed, except for… Berlin: Only passage out for people trying to escape Soviet satellites Kennedy prepared to defend West Berlin August 1961, Berlin Wall begins construction
Berlin Wall “And, therefore, as a free man, I take pride in the words “Ich bin ein Berliner” “A wall is a lot better than a war” (Said Privately) Spectrum?
Cuban Missile Crisis October 1962—U2 Spy Plane sees… Soviets building missile sites in Cuba Remember, only 90 Miles Away! What was ExCom? Executive Committee put together by Kennedy to make foreign policy decisions. Suggestions?
Cuban Missile Crisis What did Kennedy do? Began a Naval Blockade, or a Quarantine of Cuba in order to stop Soviet Ships from reaching Cuba Soviet Ships Continued “I guess this is the week I earn my salary”
Cuban Missile Crisis What does Khrushchev do? Orders his ships to stop towards Cuba, turn around “We’re eyeball to eyeball, and I think the other fellow just blinked” Dean Rusk, Sec. of State Agreement between Kennedy and Khrushchev Khrushchev: Removes missile from Cuba Kennedy: Removes quarantine, missiles from Turkey, but… He does this privately, and had already planned to remove them due to the missile being outdated Spectrum?
Easing Cold War Tensions Cuban Missile Crisis forces what? New approach in Vietnam, what does Kennedy do? Money and Advisors, 1962: 9,000 Frightened by closeness to Nuclear War What do they do? Hotline: Communication between US and USSR Test Ban Treaty Ban Nuclear Testing in atmosphere US, Great Britain, Soviet Union Spectrum?
Peace Corps Concerned about…? Executive order to create Peace Corps Thousands of men and women go to developing nations Education, Farming, Health Care Spectrum? Alliance for Progress? Aid to Latin American Countries Where did the money end up however? Money mostly went to fund preventing communism from spreading. Spectrum?
For Monday After reading about Kennedy’s policies, where you would put him on the spectrum? Why? (Notebook) Has your opinion of Kennedy overall changed since Monday? (Notebook) Read Chapter 48, Section 4 on The Tragic End of Kennedy’s Presidency