“Ask not what your country can do for you, but what you can do for your country.”
Kennedy’s Foreign Policy Cold War: Flexible Response Peace Corps – sent American volunteers to work for two years in developing countries. Alliance for Progress – economic aid to Latin America. Offered billions of dollars in aid to participating countries.
Race for 1 st Man in Space Yuri Gargarin Alan Shepard
Space Race Russian Victories: –Sputnik –1 st man in space Kennedy set goal to reach moon first
Bay of Pigs During Eisenhower’s administration CIA developed plan for overthrowing Castro. CIA trained anti-Cuban refugees to invade Cuba. Invasion okayed by Kennedy 1500 rebels pinned down at Bay of Pigs Cuban military crushed invasion in 72 hrs and took 1200 prisoners. This made the United States look “like fools to our friends, rascals to our enemies, and incompetents to the rest.” American Journalist
CIA officials monitored Soviet arms buildup in Cuba. U-2 flights over island revealed ballistic- missile launching pads. 10/22 Kennedy appeared on television announced naval blockade Demanded Soviets remove missiles.
Executive Committee President Kennedy Secretary of State Rusk Secretary of Defense McNamara Asst. Sec. Paul Nitze Foreign Policy coordinator McGeorge Bundy A.G. Robert Kennedy Chairman Joint Chiefs of Staff General Maxwell Taylor V-P Lyndon Johnson Theodore Sorensen Director CIA John McCone
Cuban Blockade/Quarantine Stalemate ended>Bobby Kennedy & Soviet Ambassador Dobrynin met. “We’re eyeball to eyeball,” said Secretary of State Dean Rusk, “and I think the other fellow just blinked.” On 10/28 Khrushchev agreed to dismantle missile bases in response to Kennedy’s promise not to invade Cuba. Kennedy secretly agreed to remove U.S. missiles from Turkey.