Presentation on theme: "What is Alcohol? Alcohol is created when grains, fruits, or vegetables are fermented. Fermentation- a process that uses yeast or bacteria to change the."— Presentation transcript:
What is Alcohol? Alcohol is created when grains, fruits, or vegetables are fermented. Fermentation- a process that uses yeast or bacteria to change the sugars found in food into alcohol. How Does It Affect Us? When people drink alcohol, its absorbed into their bloodstream, it affects the CNS (Brain and Spinal Cord), which controls all body functions. What Type of Drug is It? Alcohol is a depressant. Depressant- A drug that slows down the body’s functions and reactions. Alcohol blocks some of the messages trying to get to the brain. This alters a persons perceptions, emotions, movement, vision, and hearing.
Intoxication- The state of being intoxicated or drunk due to large amounts of alcohol. Mental/Physical abilities are impaired Binge Drinking- consumption of large quantities of alcohol in short period of time (2 hours) 4 drinks for women 5 drinks for men Alcohol poisoning- dangerous condition that results when a person drinks excessive amount of alcohol over a short period of time. Violent vomitingDifficulty breathing Extreme sleepinessLow blood sugar UnconsciousnessSeizures
How can you tell If someone has Alcohol Poisoning? Unconscious or semi-consciousness Slow respiration (breaths) of eight or less per minute Cold, clammy, pale or bluish skin If this happens, call 911 Turn on their side Wait for help to arrive Blood Alcohol Content (BAC) – measure of the amount of alcohol present in a person’s blood .02% makes people feel light headed .08% enough to make it dangerous to drive (legally intoxicated) Measured from exhaled breath or blood sample
ALCOHOL USE AND TEENS Research has shown that alcohol use can interfere with long and short term growth Can harm the brains ability to learn and ability to remember Increases the risk of social problems, depression, suicidal thoughts and violence Consequences include being arrested, fined or sent to a youth detention 1/3 of all teen traffic deaths are related to alcohol According to the National Center on Addiction and Substance Abuse, almost 80% of high school students have tried alcohol.
WHAT’S IN A DRINK? 4oz 12oz 1oz They all HAVE THE SAME AMOUNT OF ALCOHOL!!!!
the concentration of alcohol in a beverage is the proof value Proof value = 2X percentage alcohol. E.g. 100 proof (whiskey) contains 50% alcohol
FACTORS THAT AFFECT ALCOHOL ABSORPTION 1. Strength of the beverage 2. Number of drinks consumed 3. Speed of consumption 4. What you are mixing it with 5. Presence of food in stomach 6. Gender and body size 7. Physical tolerance 8. Body chemistry / General health 9. Combining with other drugs
LONG TERM PHYSICAL EFFECTS Mouth : Increases mouth and throat cancer Stomach : Irritates lining and increase acid causing swelling and ulcers which lead to bleeding. Weakens the valve from stomach to esophagus causing heartburn Liver : If alcohol is frequently in blood, liver cells die causing Fatty Liver fat builds up in liver and cannot be broken down Cirrhosis- disease characterized by scarring and eventual destruction of liver Brain : Disrupts parts of brain responsible for memory and problem solving…unlike many other kinds of cells, brain cells do NOT grow back Heart : Damages heart muscle, causing it to weaken and enlarge which leads to high BP. Increasing risk of congestive heart failure and stroke
Perception and motor skills Fine motor skills, reaction time, speech Should you drive? Heart and blood vessels Increases blood pressure Blood vessels expand = lose body heat Sleepiness Alcohol is a depressant Makes people tired At first, not tired but might feel energized from loss of inhibitions Feel warm but be careful in cold weather Emotions are intensified Judgment is affected by alcohol Results in poor decisions Risk taking Violence Injuries SHORT TERM EFFECTS OF ALCOHOL USE?