2 Getting the Facts 21 years old to drink Almost 80% of high school students have tried alcoholWhy?Deciding to drink is a personal decision and you will need to make an educated choice
3 Alcohol: What is it?Alcohol is created when grains, fruits, or vegetables are fermentedFermentation is a process that uses yeast or bacteria to change the sugars in the food into alcoholAlcohol has different forms and can be used as a cleaner, an antiseptic, or a sedative
4 No, not that type of alcohol When people drink alcohol, it is absorbed into the bloodstreamFrom there, it enters the central nervous system, which controls most all body functions
5 How does it affect our bodies? DepressantSlows the function of the CNSBlocks messages trying to get to the brainAlters a persons:PerceptionsEmotionsMovementVisionHearing
6 How else…In very small amounts, alcohol can relax the body and make people feel less anxiousMore alcohol causes greater changes in the brain, resulting in intoxicationWhen a person is intoxicated (drunk) they may:StaggerLose coordinationSlur their speechBe easily confusedBe disoriented
7 There’s more…Depending on the person, intoxication can make someone very friendly and talkative or very aggressive and angryReaction times are slowedDrinking and drivingPeople who are intoxicated may think they're moving properly when they're notThey may act totally out of character.
8 Alcohol PoisoningWhen large amounts of alcohol are consumed in a short period of timeThe body has become poisoned by large amounts of alcoholViolent vomiting is usually the first symptomExtreme sleepiness, unconsciousness, difficulty breathing, dangerously low blood sugar, seizures, and even death may result
9 So why do teens drink?Experimentation with alcohol during the teen years is commonSome reasons that teens use alcohol and other drugs are:curiosityto feel good, reduce stress, and relaxto fit into feel older
10 Why you shouldn’t drink Punishment is severeUnder 21Against the law = arrestedCrimeSchool & sportsYou can look really stupidThrow up, pee yourself, bad breath, hangoversAlcohol puts your health at riskUnsafe sex, injuries, car crash, homicides, suicides, overweight
11 How can I avoid drinking? Say “no, thanks”Make an excusePlan in advanceHave high self esteem
12 Where can I get help?If you think you have a problem, get help as soon as possibleTalk to a trusted adultDrug and alcohol counselors
13 What to do for a friend? Friends, family People with drinking problems can't stop drinking until they are ready to admit they have a problem and get helpTurn to a trusted adult for helpKeep them safeDrink and drive, alone
14 Everyone goes through it! Everyone makes decisions about whether to drink and how much — even adultsIt's possible to enjoy a party or other event just as much, if not more so, when you don't drinkAnd with your central nervous system working as it's supposed to, you'll remember more about the great time you had!