Presentation on theme: "Alcoho l 1 Corinthians 6:19-20 states: "Do you not know that your body is a temple of the Holy Spirit, who is in you, who you have received from God? You."— Presentation transcript:
Alcoho l 1 Corinthians 6:19-20 states: "Do you not know that your body is a temple of the Holy Spirit, who is in you, who you have received from God? You are not your own, you were bought at a price. Therefore honor God with your body."
Alcohol Drug that depresses the brain and nervous system. (depressant) Ethanol is the powerful and addictive drug. It is produced synthetically and naturally through fermenting fruits, vegetables, and grains. Alcohol is made by fermentation – Fermentation is the process in which yeast, sugar, and water are combined to produce alcohol and carbon dioxide.
Beer Made by fermenting barley, corn, or rye Most beers are about 4% alcohol Malt liquor is beer that has a higher alcohol content than regular beer Light beer is beer that has fewer calories than regular beer but the same alcohol content
Wine Made by fermenting grapes or other fruits Most wines are about 12-14 percent alcohol Wine coolers are a carbonated, fruit flavored alcoholic beverage that is 1.5 to 6% alcohol.
Liquor Made by distillation – Process that uses a fermented mixture to obtain an alcoholic beverage with a high alcohol content. Whiskey, bourbon, rum, gin, vodka, and tequila Most liquors are about 40% alcohol
Proof Measure of the amount of alcohol in a beverage The proof of a beverage is double the percent of alcohol in the beverage – An alcohol beverage with 20 percent alcohol is 40 proof
How Alcohol Enters the Body Intoxication is the state in which the body is poisoned by alcohol or another substance and the person’s physical and mental control is significantly reduced. Alcohol is absorbed through the bloodstream- about 20% through the walls of the stomach Majority of the rest is absorbed through the small intestine Alcohol not absorbed through the bloodstream is excreted through the urine, perspiration or breath
The Path of Alcohol in the body 1.Mouth: alcohol enters the body. 2.Stomach: some alcohol gets into the bloodstream in the stomach, but most goes on to the small intestine. 3.Small Intestine: alcohol enters the bloodstream through the walls of the small intestine. 4.Heart: pumps alcohol throughout the body. 5.Brain: alcohol reaches the brain. 6.Liver: alcohol is oxidized by the liver at a rate of about 0.5 oz per hour. 7.Alcohol is converted into water, carbon dioxide and energy
Effects of Alcohol One drink per hour can be processed by the liver. – When you have multiple drinks the liver cannot break it down causing the alcohol to go into the body tissue before being excreted. An alcoholic beverage that contains about one-half ounce of alcohol is considered one drink – One can of beer is 4 to 5 ounces of wine or one mixed drink
Effects of Alcohol Alcohol is a toxin. If too much alcohol is swallowed, the stomach will reject it, causing someone to throw up When someone drinks heavily the night before, they may wake up still feeling “drunk” There is no way to speed up alcohol through your system.
Blood Alcohol Level As the alcohol in the blood increases, the effects of alcohol intensifies Blood alcohol concentration (BAC) is the amount of alcohol in a person’s blood. BAC is given as a percentage The higher the BAC, the greater the effects of alcohol on the body
Factors that Effect the BAC Amount of alcohol consumed Speed at which the alcohol is consumed Body weight Percentage of body fate Gender- BAC faster in females Feelings Amount of food eaten Presence of other drugs in your bloodstream Drinking carbonated alcoholic beverages
BAC Levels **BAC levels are based on a 140lb. Woman in one hour. BAC.02 One 12 oz. Beer – People feel relaxed, become talkative, thinking and decision making abilities may be impaired BAC.05 two to three 12 oz. beers – Areas of the brain that control reasoning and judgments are impaired. Reaction time is slower.
BAC Levels continued BAC.08-.10 (legally drunk) Four to five 12 oz. beers – Reasoning, judgment, self-control, muscular coordination and reaction time are seriously impaired. Slurred speech and walk with a stagger BAC.12 six 12 oz. beers – Become confused, disoriented, loss of coordination and balance; may vomit
BAC Levels continued BAC.20 Seven to eight 12 oz. beers – Emotions are unpredictable and may change rapidly; may pass out BAC.30 Nine to ten 12 oz. beers – Have little or no control over their minds and bodies- can not stay awake BAC.40 Eleven to twelve 12 oz. beers – People are likely to be unconscious. Breathing and heartbeat slow down, death can occur BAC.50 Thirteen to fourteen 12 oz. beers – People may enter a deep coma and die
Effects of Alcohol on the Body Immune System – Depresses the function of the immune system – Lowers the infection fighting cells in the body Nervous System – Impairs brain – Can cause blackouts and seizures – Dementia
Effects of Alcohol on the Body Digestive System – Increasing the risk of developing cancers: mouth, esophagus, and stomach – Stimulates the secretion of stomach acids and injuries the inner lining of the stomach and causes ulcers: Open sore on the skin or on a mucous membrane – Developing liver disease Liver becomes enlarged with fatty tissue Develop alcoholic hepatitis: liver swells Cirrhosis: chronic damage to liver cells
Effects of Alcohol on the Body Cardiovascular System – Increase risk of developing CVD, high blood pressure, stroke Skeletal System – Body loses calcium (osteoporosis) Urinary System – Heavy drinking can cause kidney failure Reproductive System – Can delay the first menstrual cycle; irregular periods – Can affect the size of the testes and the development of muscle mass