Presentation on theme: "Holocaust 1933-1945. Life Before Hitler 1933 Hitler was appointed Chancellor In 1933 there was a fire in the main building of the government (Reichstag)"— Presentation transcript:
1933 Hitler was appointed Chancellor In 1933 there was a fire in the main building of the government (Reichstag) and Hitler used this as an excuse to blame “those working against the government” He suspended all civil liberties and took complete control of the government (for the “protection” of Germany) To make sure everyone was conforming to Hitler’s new rules, new laws were passed
Arrests of Enemies of the State Enemies included: –Jews –Communists –Gypsies –Homosexuals This list also came to include those who would “weaken” the German race, ie. the physically and mentally handicapped
Enforcers of Hitler’s Laws SS Troops Gestapo H.J. (Hitler Youth)
Everyday Germans also helped to support Hitler’s regime
1935 Nuremburg Laws Separated Aryans from non-Aryans –Restricted lives of non- German citizens (especially those that did not have 4 German, non-Jewish Grandparents) –Jews forced to wear yellow stars –Marriage was not allowed between Jews and non- Jews –Jewish business were further boycotted and even closed
1938 Kristallnacht Massive violence against Jews included: –Destruction of property –Murders –Beatings –Arrests Costs millions in damage and Jews were expected to pay for it Enacted to encourage Jews to leave Germany Many tried to, but very few were able to get out.
1939 WWII Begins With each country that Hitler took over, all “non-desirables” were rounded-up and disposed of. Many were sent to Ghettos and later to concentration camps.
1940 Ghettos Ghettos built all over Germany & Eastern Europe as temporary holding locations for Jews until extermination. Ghettos were usually in areas of towns w/ high concentration Jewish population. Those that did not already live in a Jewish community were “relocated” to the ghettos.
1941 Einsatzgruppen (mobile killing units) –Followed behind advancing German armies liquidating “undesirables” from conquered towns (mostly Jews) –Many of those doing the killing were not officially German military, they were “average” people being swept up by the fervor of the Nazis and turning on their neighbors. U.S. joins the war in the end of 1941
1942 Wannsee Conference German officials decided on the “Final Solution” Gassing at certain concentration camps began as an efficient method of extermination
1943 Warsaw Ghetto Uprising Jews in one of the largest Ghettos fought back against the Germans. Most died. The Germans were infuriated because the Jews were successful at holding them back for 1 month!
1944 - 1945 D-Day Soviets begin moving into Germany Many camps are discovered and liberated Nazis retreated from the Soviets and Allies. They began to destroy evidence: –Mass murder of prisoners –Death Marches = evacuation of other camps to interior camps End of 1945 – Germany surrenders = V-E Day! –Full evil of the Nazis discovered