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COMM110 Self in Communication

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1 COMM110 Self in Communication

2 Agenda (5.26) Review of Chapter 1 - Quiz
Review of Homework-Assignments and Discussion Boards Chapter 2 Goals/Overview Class Short speeches Group Exercise #1 – Self Esteem Upcoming Assignments Group Exercise #2

3 Discussion/Homework Week #1
Discussion Board #1 – The Role Culture Plays in Communication Assignment #1 – Power of Communication

4 Discussion/Homework Week #2
Discussion Board #1 – Self Awareness – Due Wed Assignment #1 – Self Disclosure Due Sunday

5 The Self in Human Communication
Goals Define “self-concept” Define “self-awareness” Define “self-esteem” Define “self-disclosure” its rewards, dangers guidelines, etc. Define perception – 5 stages Impression Formation and Management

6 The Self in Human Communication
Self Concept: your image of who you are

7 Sources of Self-Concept
Figure 2.1

8 Self-awareness: Basic to all communication and is achieved when you examine several aspects of yourself as they might appear to others as well as to you.

9 Johari Window – 4 Selves Copyright ©2011, 2008, 2005
Figure 2.2 Copyright ©2011, 2008, 2005 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved.

10 Growing in Self Awareness
Listening to others Increasing your open self Seek information about self Dialogue with yourself

11 Class Presentations Volunteers?

12 Self-Esteem: a measure of how valuable you think you are
Attack self-destructive beliefs Be aware of imposter phenomenon Seek out nourishing people Work on projects that will result in success Remind yourself of your successes Secure affirmation

13 Self Esteem - Quiz Page 29 in text book

14 Daily Affirmations

15 Self Esteem Group Exercise
How much do you think Todd believes in himself? How strong do you think Todd’s self-esteem is (1 – 10)?  How can you tell? How successful do you think Todd will be in life if he doesn’t increase his self-esteem? Why is strong self-esteem important to success in college and in life? Can people raise their own self-esteem?

16 Ways to Raise Self Esteem
Accepting myself Keeping commitments to myself and others Setting realistic expectations Forgiving myself Taking risks Appreciating my creativity, my spirituality, my mind, my body Taking responsibility for my own decisions and actions  (If I agree that self-esteem can be raised, what would happen if I took full-responsibility for the level of my self-esteem?) Expressing my feelings Disputing my Inner Critic Being a person of integrity Understanding and affirming my values Attending to my physical health Developing basic skills Serving humanity Treating myself with love

17 Rewards of Self-Disclosure
Better self-knowledge Stronger coping abilities Improved communication Meaningful relationships

18 Dangers of Self-Disclosure
Personal risks Relationship risks Professional risks

19 Your Rights in Self-Disclosure
Resist pressure to self-disclose if uncomfortable Do not be pushed into disclosing Be indirect and move to other topics Be assertive in protecting yourself

20 Guidelines Self-Disclosures
Things to consider: The motivation The appropriateness The disclosures of the other person The burdens self-disclosure might entail

21 Self Disclosure Guidelines for facilitating and responding to others’ disclosures: Support and reinforce the discloser Be willing to reciprocate Keep the disclosures confidential Don’t use the disclosures against the person

22 Perception Perception is your way of understanding the world.
It’s the process by which you become aware of objects, events, and people through senses of sight, smell, taste, touch, and hearing

23 Stages of Perception Copyright ©2011, 2008, 2005
Figure 2.3 Copyright ©2011, 2008, 2005 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved.

24 Stimulation (Stage 1) First stage: sense organs are stimulated
Selective perception Selective attention Selective exposure

25 Organization (Stage 2) At the second stage, you organize the information your senses pick up in three ways: (1) by rules (2) by schemata (3) by scripts.

26 Interpretation-Evaluation (Stage 3)
Subjective Influenced by experiences, needs, wants, values, expectations, physical and emotional state, gender, beliefs, rules, schemata, and scripts

27 Memory (Stage 4) and Recall (Stage 5)
Storage of stimulation “cognitive tags” Recall (Stage 5) Reconstruction Inaccuracies

28 Perception Quiz Textbook Page 41

29 Impression Formation Refers to the process you go through in forming an impression of another person (person perception)

30 Impression Formation Processes
What you do everyday Self-fulfilling prophecy Personality theory Primacy-Recency Stereotyping Consistency Attribution of control

31 Increasing Accuracy in Impression Formation
Analyze impressions Recognize your own role in perception Avoid early conclusions Beware of the just world hypothesis Check your perceptions Describe what you see/hear and seek confirmation Reduce your uncertainty Increase cultural sensitivity

32 Impression Management: Goals and Strategies
Also called: self-presentation or identity management Refers to the processes you go through to communicate the impression you want other people to have of you

33 Strategies of Impression Management
Affinity-seeking and politeness Credibility Self-handicapping Self-deprecating Self-monitoring Influencing Image-confirming

34 Impression Mgt Quiz Textbook Page 46

35 Next Steps


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