2Learning Objectives Define success. List several personal qualities that help people to be happy.Define psychology and cite its four major goals.Explain the relationship between thoughts, feelings, and actions.Define self, self-image, and identity.Describe the components of identity.
3What is Success? Success: a lifetime of personal fulfillment. Success SecretsSuccess is a journey, not a destination.Money and fame don’t equal success.Activity 1: What Success Means to You
4Ingredients of Success 1. Self-Awareness Appreciating your personal values, qualities, skills and interests.2. Self-Direction Setting a goal and working toward it.3. Self-Esteem Respecting oneself.4. Positive Thinking Focusing on future possibilities to propel yourself toward your goals.
5Ingredients of Success continued… 5. Self-Discipline Daily personal effort putting your plans into action.6. Self-Motivation Getting and staying motivated. Moving forward despite fears.7. Positive Relationships Healthy relationships with friends, family, and co-workers.Personal Journal 1.1 Ingredients of Success
6Who is a Success?In society, it is not always obvious who are truly successful people.Role Model Person who has qualities you would like to have.Success SecretsAlways make time for relationships.Adults need role models, too.Activity 2: Role Model
7Success and HappinessHappiness The natural experience of winning your self-respect and the respect of others.Outside factors—wealth, youth, physical attractiveness, etc., have little effect on happiness.Success SecretCreate your own opportunities for happiness.Activity 3: How Happy Are You?
8Positive Qualities Success Secret Try new ways of thinking and doing. Another way to boost your happiness is to develop personal qualities that will help you enjoy life and cope with challenges.Psychologists have identified the following qualities: ability to love, vocation, courage, trust, optimism, future-mindedness, social skills, aesthetic sensibility, work ethic, honesty, emotional awareness, persistence, forgiveness, creative thinking, spirituality, self-esteem and wisdom.Success SecretTry new ways of thinking and doing.
9Understanding Psychology Psychology Scientific study of human behavior.Behavior Anything that you think, feel or do.Goals of Psychology Describe, predict, explain, and (in some cases) change human behavior.Success SecretStudying psychology helps you understand yourself and others.
10Explaining Human Behavior Why do people think, feel and act the way they do?Nervous system Regulates thoughts, feelings and actions.Conscious Mind The part of the brain that controls the mental processes of which we are aware.Subconscious Mind The part of the brain that controls the mental processes of which we are not actively aware.
11Thoughts, Feelings, and Actions Cognition (thought) Mental processing of information in any form.Includes: perceiving, recognizing, remembering, reasoning, solving problems, making decisions, forming concepts, visualizing.Emotion (feeling) Subjective feeling accompanied by physical and behavioral changes.Personal Journal 1.2Your Thoughts, Feelings, and Actions
13Understanding Yourself Self Your sense of being a unique, conscious being, the inner core of you.Self-Image All the beliefs you have about yourself.Areas in which you have self-images include: intellectual ability, competence, creativity, sense of humor, morality, romantic appeal, physical appearance, parental relationships, close friendships, and social acceptance.
14Building A Healthy Self-Image A healthy self-image is positive but realistic.Makes the best of all the things you do well.Is based on who you are right now.Does not limit who you will be next week.A complex self-image means having a variety of positive ways to see yourself.Personal Journal 1.3 How Do You See Yourself?Activity 4: Wheel of Life
15You and Your Social World Social Role Norms that define how you are supposed to behave in a given situation.Self-Preservation Altering your behavior to make a good impression of others.Activity 5: Sides of Yourself
16Identity How you choose to define yourself to the world. Individual Identity The physical and psychological characteristics that distinguish you.Relational Identity How you identify yourself in relation to others.Collective Identity The sum of the social roles you play and the social groups to which you belong.Activity 6: Identify Profile
17Culture, Gender and Identity Culture – the behaviors, ideas, attitudes, and traditions shared by a large social group, transmitted from one generation to the next.Western– individualism, Eastern-collectivismGender Role – norms that define how males and females are supposed to behave.Gender Bias - treating someone differently or unfairly due to one’s gender.
18Defining Your RoleResearchers suggest that it is healthiest to have a combination of stereotypically masculine and feminine qualities.Some typical qualities: logical, assertive, sensitive, independent, gentle, compassionate.Success SecretDon’t put limits on what you can become.