What is Drug Addiction??? Define the words “Drug” and “Addiction” in your own words.
Define: Drug: Any chemical substance that causes a physical or psychological change in the body. Addiction: a strong and harmful physiological or psychological need to regularly have something or do something.
What does it mean to abuse a Drug??? Using a drug as a habit Use of a drug to an extent that it produces impairment of social, psychological or physiological functioning.
What do you Know? What are some reasons people use and/or abuse drugs?
Reasons Teens start using Drugs To Fit In To Escape or Relax To Relieve Boredom To Seem Grown Up To Rebel To Experiment “Chasing the High” Peer Pressure
Types of Drugs Stimulant- Speeds up heart rate and raises blood pressure. Depressant- Slows down heart rate and lowers blood pressure. Narcotic- Relieves pain. Hallucinogen- Distorts perception, mood, thoughts, senses, and may cause hallucinations. Inhalant- Breath in chemical vapors for a psychoactive (mind altering) effect. Anabolic Steroid- For increased muscle size or increased athletic performance. OTC- Drugs that are purchased without a prescription. Prescription- Drugs prescribed by a doctor.
Stimulants Define: a drug that temporarily quickens some vital process. Main Types -Caffeine -Cocaine/Crack -Amphetamines (Meth) -Nicotine -Marijuana (acts as a stimulant by speeding heart rate)
Stimulants Short Term Health Effects -Excess Energy - Increased Blood Pressure -Increased Heart Rate -Increased “Ticks” -Loss of Appetite -Exhaustion -Apathy -Insomnia
Stimulants Long Term Health Effects -Addiction -Extreme Weight Loss -Increased Aggression -Increased Risk of Heart Attack -Decreased Mental Processing -Visual and Auditory Hallucinations -Increased Suicidal and Homicidal Thoughts -Severe Dental Problems -Increased Skin Picking (real or imagined) -Increased look of aging -Death http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=g_NZuCXofHY
Depressant Define: A drug, that decreases the rate of some vital process. Main Types -Alcohol -Barbiturates (Sedatives) -Benzodiazepines (for anxiety, insomnia, seizures) -Xanax -Valium -Klonopin -Ativan
Depressants Short Term Health Effects -Relaxes Muscles -Reduces Anxiety -Slurred Speech -Loss of Motor Function (staggering, dropping items) -Increases a Sense of Calmness -Decreased Inhibitions -Decreased Mental Processing
Depressants Long Term Health Effects -Addiction -Impaired Memory -Anxiety -Respiratory problems -Seizures -Coma -Increased suicidal thoughts -Increased look of aging -Death
Who is Using Drugs?? Data from 3 million drug users.
What do you know? What are some ways to help someone who is abusing drugs ?
Where to Get Help Speak to a trusted adult -Parent or other family member -Doctor -Teacher -Guidance Councilor Outside Organizations -Alanon: http://www.alanon.alateen.org/http://www.alanon.alateen.org/ -SAMHSA: http://findtreatment.samhsa.gov/http://findtreatment.samhsa.gov/