2 What Is A Drug?Drugs – substances other than food that change the structure and function of the body or mind.Medicines – drugs that are used to treat or prevent diseases and other conditionsOver the counterPrescriptionAntibiotics – medicines that reduce or kill harmful bacteria in the body.
3 The Drug ClassesInhalants- Chemical mixtures that alter mood or behavior when inhaled through nose mouthDepressants- Slow down or enhance the bodies mood or function HR etc. neuron sensory etc.Narcotic/Opiates- Pain killing drugs that can only be obtained through legal prescription by doctorHallucinogens- Drugs that alter the minds thought processes create hallucinationsStimulants- Drugs that speed up bodily function by directly stimulating the nervous system in most cases.
4 Designer VS StreetDesigner drugs – drugs that are made from chemicals that resemble illegal substancesStreet drugs – drugs that have limited, if any medical benefit; commonly abused and traded on the streetsDesigner drugs – drugs that are made from chemicals that resemble illegal substancesStreet drugs – drugs that have limited, if any medical benefit; commonly abused and traded on the streets
5 InhalantsSubstances whose fumes are sniffed and inhaled to give a hallucinogenic-like highPaintRubber cementMarkersGas duster
6 Stimulants VS Depresants Depressants = Drugs that slow down the body’s function, highly addictiveTranquilizersBarbituratesHypnoticsDrugs that speed up the body’s function (caffeine)AmphetaminesMethamphetamineCocaineCrack Cocaine
7 Narcotics / OpiatesSpecific drugs that are obtainable only by prescription and are used to relieve painCodeineOxycodoneMorphine
8 Hallucinogens Drugs that distort moods, thoughts, and senses PCP (phencyclidine)LSD (lysergic acid diethylamide)MescalineShrooms (Psilocybin)DXM (Cough syrup, thera flu, etc…)
9 Using MarijuanaMarijuana – Plant containing psychoactive and physiological chemical tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) in its leaves, buds, and flowers.Signs of useRapid heart rate, increased blood pressure/rate of breathing, blood shot eyes, dry mouth, increased appetite, slowed reaction timeShort term effectsCalmness, anxiety, paranoia, distorted sense of time, random thinking, short term memory loss, depression
10 What Is A Club Drug?Recreational drugs associated parties/raves that cause amnesiaEcstasy (MDMA)Rohypnol (date rape drugs)GHB
11 Performance Enhancing Drugs Substances used by athletes to improve their performanceSteroidsAnabolic – promote growthAndrogenic – promote development of male characteristicsBlood Doping – Boosting the number of red blood cells in the blood stream
12 How To Know Signs at Home Withdrawal from responsibilities Loss of interest in family activitiesVerbally and/or physically abusiveSigns at SchoolSudden drop in grades / Not doing homeworkTruancy or regularly being late to schoolLoss interest in learning / Sleeping during class
13 Risk Factors Risk Factors For Drug Use Include Emotional problems Friends who useBeing unable to delay gratificationHaving access (parents grandparents opiates)Rejection by peersInherited links to addictive personalityRole models who abuseLack of involvement in school activitiesFailing in schoolHome use by parents
14 Where to Turn Drug abusers cannot recover from addiction on their own Detoxification (Detox) – freeing the body of an addictive substance, also overcoming psychological dependenceSupport groups (alcoholics anonymous) and other community programsCounseling
15 New Age Street Drugs Devils Breath (Scopolamine ) Crokodil and Fake PotBath Salts