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Why do medicines and drugs have different effects on different people?

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Presentation on theme: "Why do medicines and drugs have different effects on different people?"— Presentation transcript:

1 Why do medicines and drugs have different effects on different people?

2 Drugs – substances other than food that change the structure or function of the body or mind. Medicines – drugs that are used to treat or prevent disease or other conditions.

3 Vaccine – preparation introduced into the body to stimulate an immune response Side effects – reactions to medicine other than the one intended

4 Tolerance – condition in which the body becomes used to the effect of a medicine Withdrawal – occurs when a person stops using something that they have a chemical dependence for

5  Failing to follow instructions from Dr. or package  Giving a prescription med. to a person for whom it was not prescribed  Taking someone else's prescription  Mixing medications

6  Discontinuing use without informing your Dr.  Taking too much or too little of a medication  Taking a medication for shorter or longer than prescribed

7 Abuse is…  Taking medicines to lose weight  Taking medicines to stay awake.  Taking someone else’s prescription.  Using OTC or Prescription medicine at pill parties. Medicine Abuse – intentionally taking medicines for non-medical reasons.

8 Illegal Drugs - Chemical substances that people of any age may not lawfully manufacture, possess, buy or sell. Substance Abuse - Any unnecessary or improper use of chemical substances for non-medical purposes.

9 Explain the difference between medicine misuse and medicine abuse.

10 Illicit drug use – the use or sale of any substance that is illegal or otherwise not permitted

11  Family Members  Peer Pressure  Role Models  Media Messages  Perceptions

12 After watching intervention, what are some issues with addiction that stand out to you?

13 Physical Once a drug enters the bloodstream, it can harm a person’s brain, heart, lungs, and other vital organs. Mental/ Emotional Drugs cloud reasoning and thinking and users lose control of their behavior.

14 Social Can have a negative effect on relationships with friends and family members.

15 Overdose – strong sometimes fatal reaction to taking a large amount of a drug Tolerance – when the body of a user needs more and more of the drug to get the same effect.

16 Psychological Dependence Condition in which a person believes that a drug is needed in order to feel good or to function normally. Physiological Dependence Condition in which the user has a chemical need for the drug. Addiction - ?

17 ?

18 Drug Abuse Psychoactive drug chemicals that affect the central nervous system and alter activity in the brain Gateway Drug Psychoactive substance that leads the user to try other drugs.

19 Create a bookmark that gives information about the correct use of medicines. Be creative, colorful and neat.

20 Stimulants stimulate or speed up the central nervous system Depressants depress or slow down the central nervous system

21 Narcotics (Opiates) drugs that are available by prescription and are used to relieve pain Hallucinogens alter moods, thoughts, and sense perceptions including vision, hearing, smell and touch

22 Inhalants Psychoactive gases whose fumes are sniffed and inhaled to achieve mind altering effect Steroids Synthetic substances that are similar to the male sex hormone testosterone NOT a psychoactive drug.

23 Designer Drugs Synthetic substances meant to imitate the effects of hallucinogens and other dangerous drugs

24 On your sheet list  3 consequences to individuals who areusing drugs.  3 consequences to their family & friends  3 consequences to society and others

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