Presentation on theme: "HIV, AIDS, AND HEPATITIS Outcome 7.2: Examine blood-borne pathogen information/ education, including HIV and Hepatitis C."— Presentation transcript:
HIV, AIDS, AND HEPATITIS Outcome 7.2: Examine blood-borne pathogen information/ education, including HIV and Hepatitis C.
IMMUNE SYSTEM The immune system is your body’s force for fighting sicknesses
HIV HIV is the virus that causes AIDS HIV is an acronym for: H- Human (a person) I- Immunodeficiency (which refers to the immune system weakening and having difficulty fighting sickness) V- Virus (a small infectious agent in your body that makes you sick)
HIV HIV destroys the immune system and affects white blood cell’s call T cell’s T cells are one type of fighter cell in the blood that helps the body fight off germs and diseases. When HIV enters the body it destroys T Cells, causing the immunes system to weaken. HIV will then multiply inside the body, and our body will no longer be able to fight off infections. Someone who is infected with the virus is called HIV positive, however, it may take years for the virus to damage enough T cells for that person to get sick and develop AIDS.
AIDS AIDS is the diseases caused by HIV AIDS is an acronym for: A- Acquired (means you get it from somewhere) I- Immuno (refers to the immune system) D- Deficiency (weakened) S- Syndrom (the sickness)
AIDS When a person’s immune system has weakened and more T cells have been destroyed by HIV, a person can no longer fight off infections A doctor will diagnose someone with AIDS when they have a very low number of T cells or show signs of serious infection.
TRANSMISSION Transmission refers to how to pass on the infection HIV/AIDS can be passed on many ways, such as: Blood transfusions with HIV infected blood Needle sharing for drugs, piercings, tattoos with someone who is HIV positive Pregnancy, childbirth, and breastfeeding. When a mother is HIV positive they can pass the virus on to their child All forms of unprotected sexual intercourse with an infected partner.
PREVENTION Prevention refers to how to prevent yourself from contracting the infection: Here are some ways to prevent coming in contact with HIV Wear latex gloves when handling bodily fluids, including blood Do not share needles or syringes Abstain (which means don’t have) sexual intercourse Abstain from unprotected sexual intercourse