15 What is HIV? HIV is the virus that causes AIDS. H -- Human: because this virus can only infect human beings.I -- Immuno-deficiency: because the effect of the virus is to create a deficiency, or a failure to work properly, within the body's immune system.V -- Virus: because this organism is a virus, which means one of its characteristics is that it is incapable of reproducing by itself. It reproduces by taking over the machinery of the human cell.
17 How is HIV transmitted? Blood Saliva Semen Tears Sweat Vaginal fluid Can be transmitted by:BloodSemenVaginal fluidBreast milkCan be transmitted by:SalivaTearsSweatFecesUrine
18 How can you get HIV? Sexual intercourse (vaginal and anal) Unprotected sexual contactSharing injection needlesDirect blood contact; Infections due to blood transfusionsMother to ChildBefore or during birth, or through breast milkOral sex (mouth-penis, mouth-vagina)Oral sex is considered a low risk practice
20 How does HIV infect you?1. Our bodies have CD4 cells that protect our immune system. 2. The HIV virus attaches to the CD4 cells. 3. RNA in the body dissolves and becomes two separate strands. 4. The HIV multiplies and spreads all over body.
23 What is AIDS?A -- Acquired: because it is a condition one must be infected with; not something transmitted through genes.I -- Immune: because it affects the body's immune system, the part of the body which usually works to fight off germs such as bacteria and viruses.D -- Deficiency: because it causes the immune system to not work correctly.S -- Syndrome: because someone with AIDS may experience a wide range of different diseases and opportunistic infections.
25 When does HIV become AIDS? When a person has a CD4 cell count lower than 200.A normal CD4 cell count ranges fromHIV has progressed to AIDS when the immune system is so weak that it cannot fight off diseases that a healthy person can resist.Tuberculosis is the leading cause of death in people infected with HIV.
28 Remember: ABCD?A- Abstinence. Sexual contact is the most frequent method of transmission, so you can choose to not have sex.B- Be Faithful, If you do choose to have sex, stay true to your partner.C- Condoms. Using condoms is an effective method to prevent the transmission of HIV.D- Drugs. Don’t use drugs.
29 Treatment HIV is treatable, not curable It takes the HIV virus 72 hours to attach the CD4 cells, so if you think you have been exposed to HIV, visit a clinic within 72hours and you have a high chance of not contracting the virus.If you are infected, you can take medicine and live a normal life.In Ukraine, 30% of treatment is funded by the Global Fund and 70% by the Ukrainian government.