Presentation on theme: "HIV/AIDS 101. Basic facts about HIV/AIDS HIV is the virus that causes AIDS HIV/AIDS is treatable, but not curable It is estimated that 1 in 20 people."— Presentation transcript:
Basic facts about HIV/AIDS HIV is the virus that causes AIDS HIV/AIDS is treatable, but not curable It is estimated that 1 in 20 people in D.C. are living with HIV You can’t tell by looking if a person is living with HIV, the only way to know is by taking an HIV antibody test.
The 4 Fluids Blood Semen Breast Milk Vaginal Fluids These are the four fluids that transmit HIV. The key to protecting yourself from infection is to avoid these four bodily fluids.
Transmitting HIV HIV is transmitted when one or more of the four fluids is transferred from one person to another. The most common ways HIV is transmitted is by: Unprotected oral, anal or vaginal sex Sharing needles Breastfeeding from infected mother to baby
Preventing HIV: Sharing Needles/Breastfeeding Needles should never be shared. When getting tattoos or piercings, make sure that new needles and new ink bottles are used. Injection drug users should never share works. Works can be cleaned using bleach and water. Mothers living with HIV should not breastfeed babies; prenatal care can help reduce the chance that babies of HIV-infected mothers are born with HIV.
Preventing HIV: Oral, Anal & Vaginal Sex Using condoms correctly and consistently will reduce the risk of contracting HIV through anal and vaginal sex. Using condoms and other latex barriers (like dental dams) will reduce the risk of transmitting HIV through oral sex.
Using Condoms Correctly 1.Check expiration date 2.Check for air pocket 3.Open at corner 4.Pinch the tip 5.Roll down to the base of the erect penis 6.After sex, hold base and withdraw while penis is erect 7.Roll off and tie knot in used condom 8.Discard in trash can
The Great Condom Race
Using the female condom
How do you ensure you will never catch HIV? Abstaining from sex means not participating in sex at all. Abstinence is the only way to ensure they you will never contract HIV. Condoms reduce the risk for HIV, but they do not eliminate the risks altogether.
Where did HIV come from?
The origin of HIV HIV is believed to have originated in non-human primates in sub- Saharan Africa and was transferred to humans late in the 19 th or early in the 20 th century. HIV = Human Immunodeficiency Virus AIDS = Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
HIV attacks the body’s immune system The immune system is the body’s natural defense against disease and infections White blood cells help fight infections HIV attacks and destroys T-cells, which are a type of white blood cell (also known as CD4 cells) HIV replicates itself and attacks more T-cells to weaken the immune system so that it no longer functions
Sexual Risk Behaviors Among District of Columbia High School Students, Youth Risk Behavior Survey 2007, N= 944
What do you know about HIV antibody testing?
How HIV testing works All HIV tests look for HIV antibodies HIV antibodies appear in the body anywhere from 2 to 12 weeks following transmission (this period of time is called the window period) If HIV antibodies are discovered, it is called being “reactive” or “HIV positive.” If no HIV antibodies are found, it is called being “non-reactive” or “HIV negative.” All HIV positive results require a confirmatory blood test. HIV testing at MTA is free, painless and confidential.
Do you know where to get free condoms and free HIV testing?