Presentation on theme: "Introduction to Psychology Chapter 1 Talbot. What is Psychology? The ________________ study of __________ & ____________processes. Science implies ___________."— Presentation transcript:
What is Psychology? The ________________ study of __________ & ____________processes. Science implies ___________. –Scientific observation Research method Behavior Mental Processes
Psychology’s Goals Describe – name or classify Understand – Why? Predict – forecast behavior Control – alter conditions that influence behavior
History (as a field of study) Outgrowth of ____________. As a science started around 1879. Willhelm Wundt StructuralismFunctionalismBehaviorismGestaltPsychodynamicHumanisticCognitive
Psychology as a Profession Psychologist v. Psychiatrist PsychologistPsychiatrist Counselor & Social Worker BEWARE of the “clinician”.
Professional issues APA – American Psychological Association State and Federal Licensing Boards Ethics/ Ethical guidelines –Levels of training and competency –Respect for dignity, privacy, confidentiality (HIPAA). –Protection from harm.
Scientific Method Observation Define the problem (Operationally define) –Reliability –Validity Propose a hypothesis Gather evidence Publish results Theory build
How do we gather the data? Survey Case study/ Clinical method Naturalistic Observation –Hawthorne effect, Observer Bias, Correlational Observation –Three possibilities –Correlational Coefficients Experimental method – Cause and Effect –Independent Variable Dependent Variable –Experimenter effect –Control –Placebo effect –Random Sampling
Ethics in research Do no harm Describe risks Ensure participation is voluntary Minimize discomfort Maintain confidentiality Use deception only when necessary Debrief Provide results Treat with dignity and respect