Presentation on theme: "Ifill-RoseauAdapted from Lifetime Health Health and Wellness Self-Esteem and Mental Health Understanding Mental Disorders Chapter 3: Section 4 Pages 68-72."— Presentation transcript:
Ifill-RoseauAdapted from Lifetime Health Health and Wellness Self-Esteem and Mental Health Understanding Mental Disorders Chapter 3: Section 4 Pages 68-72
Ifill-RoseauAdapted from Lifetime Health Objectives By the end of this lesson, students will have been able to do the following: Describe what mental disorders are. List seven signs of mental disorder. Summarize causes of mental disorders. Identify community resources available for mental health problems.
Ifill-RoseauAdapted from Lifetime Health Key Terms Mental disorder An illness that affects a person’s thoughts, emotions, and behaviors Symptom A change that a person notices in his or her body or mind and that is caused by a disease or disorder Depression A sadness and hopelessness that keeps a person from carrying out everyday activities
Ifill-RoseauAdapted from Lifetime Health Do Now Write a list of adjectives that you associate with depression.
Ifill-RoseauAdapted from Lifetime Health What Are Mental Disorders? A mental disorder is an illness that affects a person’s thoughts, emotions, and behaviors. A symptom is a change that a person notices in his or her body or mind and that is caused by a disease or disorder. Mental Disorders Are Often Misunderstood Most mental disorders are treatable. 9.5% of Americans suffer from depression. 20% of children suffer from a mental disorder. 54 million of Americans have a mental disorder.
Ifill-RoseauAdapted from Lifetime Health Types of Mental Disorders If you experience any of the symptoms listed below, talk to a trusted adult. Too much or too little sleep Feeling of extreme sadness Unexplained mood changes Drug or alcohol abuse Inability to concentrate Extreme anxiety or irrational fear Personality changes False perceptions of reality
Ifill-RoseauAdapted from Lifetime Health Depression Depression: sadness and hopelessness that keep a person from carrying out everyday activities. Symptoms include: Lack of energy Withdrawal from people Loss of appetite or overeating Too much or too little sleep Feelings of helplessness and hopelessness Video http://mayoclinic.com/health/antidepressants/MM00660 song http://mayoclinic.com/health/antidepressants/MM00660song
Ifill-RoseauAdapted from Lifetime Health Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder ADHD is the most commonly diagnosed disorder of childhood. A person who has ADHD is frequently inattentive or impulsively hyperactive to the point that he or she has problems accomplishing daily activities. Have problems doing school work Is easily distracted Have difficulty following instructions Have difficulty completing tasks
Ifill-RoseauAdapted from Lifetime Health Mental Disorders Anxiety Disorders: when anxiety gets in the way of taking part in daily activities Panic disorder: feeling extreme fear for one’s life even though the person is not really in danger. Phobias: excessive or persistent fear of something that may or may not cause real danger. Obsessive-compulsive disorder: uncomfortable thoughts called obsessions and by repetitive behaviors called compulsions. Post-traumatic stress disorder: anxiety over a past traumatic event. Hypochondria: belief of illness when none is present. Bipolar disorder: uncontrollable cycles of extreme happiness and then depression. Schizophrenia: false perception of reality/hallucination and/or delusions.
Ifill-RoseauAdapted from Lifetime Health Anxiety Disorders when anxiety gets in the way of taking part in daily activities
Ifill-RoseauAdapted from Lifetime Health Panic disorder feeling extreme fear for one’s life even though the person is not really in danger.
Ifill-RoseauAdapted from Lifetime Health Phobias excessive or persistent fear of something that may or may not cause real danger. AcrophobiaHeights ArachneophobiaSpiders AsterophobiaThunder CeraunophobiaLightning ClaustrophobiaEnclosed spaces HydrophobiaWater MysophobiaDirt, Germs OphidiophobiaSnakes NyctophobiaDarkness PyrophobiaFire XenophobiaForeigners, Strangers ZoophobiaAnimals
Ifill-RoseauAdapted from Lifetime Health Obsessive-compulsive disorder uncomfortable thoughts called obsessions and by repetitive behaviors called compulsions. https://ssl.search.live.com/health/article.aspx?id=articles%2fmc%2fpages%2f0%2fDS00189.html&qu=OCD https://ssl.search.live.com/health/article.aspx?id=articles%2fmc%2fpages%2f0%2fDS00189.html&qu=OCD http://www.ocfoundation.org/related-disorders.html http://www.ocfoundation.org/related-disorders.html
Ifill-RoseauAdapted from Lifetime Health Bipolar disorder uncontrollable cycles of extreme happiness and then depression.
Ifill-RoseauAdapted from Lifetime Health Schizophrenia false perception of reality/hallucination and/or delusions.
Ifill-RoseauAdapted from Lifetime Health Causes of Mental Disorders Traumatic or stressful experiences Death, an accident, or an abusive event Inherited Injury or physical disorder that affects the brain Brain tumors, alcoholism, and some infections
Ifill-RoseauAdapted from Lifetime Health Help for Mental Disorders Psychotherapy A form of counseling received from a licensed therapist. Group Therapy A therapist leads a group of people who have a similar disorder. Medication A psychiatrist may prescribe antidepressants to treat depression.
Ifill-RoseauAdapted from Lifetime Health Closure What are three signs of a mental disorder? Why should a person who has depression see a mental health professional as soon as possible?