Presentation on theme: "Space Technology and Early Space Missions"— Presentation transcript:
1 Space Technology and Early Space Missions The Space RaceSpace Technology and Early Space Missions
2 Race for Space Early on – race was between Russia (USSR) and the USA. Cold War competition for superiority.Russia puts the first artificial satellite into space – Sputnik - October 4, 1957the size of a beach ball inches in diameterweighed only poundstook about 98 minutes to orbit the Earth on its elliptical path.ushered in new political, military, technological, and scientific developments.
3 First Man in SpaceYuri Gagarin – Russian cosmonautApril 12, 1961
4 First American in Space During Project Mercury ( ) – America’s 1st Space Travel MissionAlan Shepard – May 5, 1961Objective was to orbit a man in space safelyShepard orbited Earth in the Freedom 7 capsule for 15 minutes.
5 America’s 2nd Project Project Gemini – roughly ran from 1962-1966 ObjectivesTo subject man and equipment to space flight up to two weeks in durationTo link two spacecrafts in spaceAll objectives were precursor for the moon landing project in the works
6 To the Moon Project Apollo – America’s 3rd Space Travel Mission Objectives ( )To establish the technology to meet other national interests in space;To achieve preeminence in space for the United States;To carry out a program of scientific exploration of the Moon;To develop man's capability to work in the lunar environment.
7 Apollo 11 – First Successful Manned Mission to the Moon July 16 – 24, 1969Men aboardNeil A. Armstrong – 1st Man on the Moon"THAT'S ONE SMALL STEP FOR A MAN, ONE GIANT LEAP FOR MANKIND."Edwin E. Aldrin, Jr. (also walked on the moon)Michael Collins (piloted the command spacecraft around the moon while Armstrong & Aldrin were on moon)
8 Neil Armstrong – 1930 - 2012 Died at the age of 82 on August 25, 2012 Buried on August 30th, the day of a blue moon.Michael Collins and Buzz Aldrin are still alive
9 Main Technology Used by World Space Agencies RocketsSatellitesProbesShuttles (retired)Space Stations
10 RocketsUsed as propulsion system to get satellites, probes, capsules (earlier in space program), and shuttles into orbit and/or space.Will once again be turned to for space travel after shuttle retirement in 2011Redstone rocket with Mercury capsule
11 Artificial Satellites Man made object launched into orbit… stays in the orbit of Earth.Examples include:SputnikHubble TelescopeMilitary SatellitesUsed for weather forecasting, observations of space (space telescopes), military, GPS (global positioning system), mapping Earth’s surface, etc.
12 ProbesUn-manned craft that leaves Earth’s orbit to travel deeper into space to study other bodies in space.Gave us our first close encounter with far away planets and their moonsDelivered to locations via high powered rocketsExamples include:Voyager I & II – traveling out of solar systemGalileo – traveled to JupiterViking – MarsMagellan - VenusESA's Huygens – on Saturn’s moon TitanStardust – Comet Wild 2Importance to space program – collect planet, moon, comet, asteroid information…without risking human life.
14 Space Shuttles 1st Re-usable space craft created. 1st launch in 1981. Is unable to leave Earth’s orbit… cannot go to the moonExamples include:Columbia (2003 explosion)DiscoveryChallenger (1987 explosion)PathfinderAtlantisImportance to Space Program - Starting with Columbia and continuing with Challenger, Discovery, Atlantis and Endeavour, the spacecraft has carried people into orbit repeatedly, launched, recovered and repaired satellites, conducted cutting-edge research and built the largest structure in space, the International Space Station.~Retired in 2011—Last shuttle flight ended July 21, 2011.
15 Space StationsLiving quarters for people in space with own environmental controls – orbits Earth (artificial satellite)Examples include:International Space Station (current)Skylab (out of commission)Mir (Russian – out of commission)
16 Now – To Mars! The Curiosity Rover landed on Mars on August 5th, 2012 Will use an on-board chemistry lab to analyze Mars rocks, and send HD photos.