Presentation on theme: "Space Travel Kathleen Sykes. Types of Space Exploration Manned Spaceflight A spaceflight with a human crew Includes space tourism Space Probes When a."— Presentation transcript:
Types of Space Exploration Manned Spaceflight A spaceflight with a human crew Includes space tourism Space Probes When a space exploration vessel goes into interplanetary or interstellar space. Satellite An information transmitting object placed into outer space by humans.
Manned Spaceflight Manned spaceflight, or human Spaceflight, is the flight of a human crew and passengers into space. The first human flight into space was made by Yuri Gagarin on April 12, 1961. The space craft orbited the earth for 1 hour and 48 minutes. The United States soon followed by sending Alan Shepard into space on May 5, 1961. Alexy Leonov
Famous Human Spaceflights Apollo 8 – Although not as famous as it’s following flights, they would not have been possible without this one. It was the first flight to orbit the moon. Apollo 11 – The first human flight to the moon was accomplished on July 20, 1969 by Buzz Aldrin, Neil Armstrong and Michael Collins.
Current Human Space Exploration On February 24, 2011 the space shuttle Discovery launched it’s final flight after 27 years of flights. It spent 11 days in orbit. The Space Shuttle Discovery
Space Tourism In recent years there has been a movement for the commercialization of space The Russian Space Agency is the only institution allowing for commercial space travel Space tourists often aid in research of the Hubble Space Telescope It will cost you between $20- 35 million to travel into space. Space tourist, Mark Shuttleworth
Space Probes Space probes are used for scientific missions in interplanetary or interstellar space. Probes have been sent to Mars, Venus and as far as Saturn.
Important Space Probes Venera 7 The first man made probe to successfully land on another planet, Venus, to transmit information back to earth. Spirit and Opportunity Two probes on Mars. They were sent to observe the surface of mars and look for past water activity on the surface. Mars
Important Space Probes Voyager I Launched on September 5, 1977, it is the longest lasting space mission NASA ever launched. It has reached as far as Saturn and is still operational It has given us some of the most detailed pictures of Jupiter’s and Saturn’s moons. Image of Saturn’s moons taken by Voyager I
Discoveries Made by Space Probes The Huygens probe, named after the 17 th century Dutch astronomer, landed successfully on Titan on January 14, 2005. It was supposed that the dark spots on the surface of the moon were bodies of water but they were in fact dry. This is still being studied. Huygens’ Landing Site
Satellites The type of satellites spoken about here are artificial. Natural satellites are things like moons that are in orbit around a larger body.
History of Satellites The first successful satellite, Sputnik I, was launched by the Soviet Union in 1957. Since then, thousands of satellites have orbited around the earth. They are used for many things like military observation and civilian communication. Anatomy of a satellite
Important Satellites By far, one of the most important satellites is the International Space Station. The International Space station acts as an in-space laboratory, observatory and a staging base for future missions. The space station is still under construction and is due to be finished between 2015-2020. Work being done on the international space station
The Future of Space Exploration Plans for future space exploration include: Commercializing the international space station. Commercializing the international space station. Send crew exploration vehicles beyond the moon. Send crew exploration vehicles beyond the moon. Only time will tell what the future holds! Only time will tell what the future holds!