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Classical Composers Mozart and Haydn Lesson 6
The Classical period is a time where musicians gradually break away from total dependency on Court Patronage. In this lesson, you will know two famous composers, their influences, and the masterpieces they created.
Biography Franz Joseph Haydn was born in a small village in Rohrau, Austria on March 31, 1732. He is the second child of 12. Rohra u
Biography He came from a poor family so when an opportunity of becoming a choirboy in Viennese Cathedral came at age eight, he grabbed it. Viennese Cathedral
Biography Because of such exposure, and Italian composer, Niccolo Porpora, discovered his talent and hired him to be his accompanist. He even taught him how to speak Italian, how to sing and how to compose. Niccolo Porpora
Biography Because of his perseverance, his musical talent developed even more. He accepted the offer of Prince Paul Anton Esterhazy, the richest and most powerful of the Hungarian families, to become a Vice- Kapellmeister and later, a Kapellmeister.
Biography He had very intense responsibilities like monitoring the needs of all musicians under him. He was able to compose 11 operas, 60 symphonies, five masses, 30 sonatas, one concerto, and hundreds of shorter pieces while working with Esterhazy Family
Biography Haydn’s very positive attitude and sense of humor made him the favorite among musicians. Mozart, who was one of Haydn’s music students, looked up to him as his mentor and the master of music.
Biography One of the funny stories of Haydn as a man of humor was when he composed a symphony for the Prince Paul Anton Esterhazy. The symphony started a slow, soothing movement that make the Prince fell asleep, then, in the middle piece, a loud chord shattered, thus waking up the prince who almost fell of his chair.
Biography He was invited to many cities of Europe. The six symphonies he wrote for the Concerts Spirituels in Paris are the most notable ones. These symphonies are called his “Paris” symphonies.
Biography He also wrote 12 symphonies (nos. 93- 104) for the concert in London, which are called “London” symphonies.
Biography His final works, mostly sacred music for his patron, were culminated in two large oratorios. The Creation (1798) and The Seasons (1801)
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Biography Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, a “child wonder” was born on January 27, 1756 in Salzburg, Austria. Rohra u
Biography His father, Leopold Mozart, was a leading music teacher and composer at that time. But when he saw that his son had a great talent in music at age three, he resigned and focused on teaching him how to play the piano and violin.
Biography Mozart started to play at age of six before the Empress and composed at an early age. By age of 12, he had written many song piece. In Mozart’s hands, the classical concerto was raised to its highest level.
Biography There was a time, when Mozart got sick and his father was more concerned over the lost money than the well-being of his son. His life remains a complicated puzzle.
Biography But he was never contented and he always wanted to look for a job not for financial security but for fame. He earned a lot, but because he was living beyond his means, saving a lot of money became impossible. He married Constanze Weber and had two children.
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