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Symphony No. 45, “Farewell”

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1 Symphony No. 45, “Farewell”
Franz Joseph Haydn Symphony No. 45, “Farewell” Franz Joseph Hadyn, Symphony No. 45, “Farewell”

2 Born in Rohan, Austria. March 31, 1732. Died in Vienna, Austria
Born in Rohan, Austria. March 31, Died in Vienna, Austria. March 31, 1809 Franz Joseph Hadyn was born in Rohan, Austria on March 31,, He died at the age of 77 in Vienna, Austria on May 31, In his early years at the age of 8 he was recruited at a Cathedral in Vienna, Austria. He moved their to join the choir. He worked at this job for 13 years. The first of those 9 years he worked there without his family. In his last 4 years in the choir his brother Michael joined him. The Cathedral dismissed him because he could not sing like he used to in 1732.

3 Jobs and growth 1749-Composer to Nicola Porpora.
Nicola Porpora helped him with his music lessons With that help Franz Joseph Haydn became financially stable for the next 30 years. 1759-Became a music director which also means Kapellmeister. He worked for the family of Esterhazy 1760-Married his wife named Maria Ann Keller His next job that he had was an assistant to a composer named Nicolas Porpora. This composer helped Franz Joseph Hadyn with his music lessons. With this help of his music lesson he became financially well off for the next 30 years. While he was an assistant he composed a lot of his songs which lead the outside audience hear of his compositions. In the year of 1759, he became a music director which also means Kapellmeister. He worked for the family of Esterhazy. This is where he found a wife in 1760 and was married to Maria Ann Keller.

4 Franz Joseph Haydn & Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
Franz Joseph Hadyn learned how to play the Violin and the Harpsichord. This helped him start composing of his symphonies. He composed over 106 symphonies in his later years. He became friends with the famous composers such as Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart. The two would play together and this is where the string quartet came into place. Mozart later composed a six string quartet which he dedicated to Franz Joseph Hadyn. Franz Joseph Haydn & Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart

5 Baroque Music forms a major portion of Classical Music
5 decades long Baroque Music forms a major portion of Classical Music Sterm and Drang=Storm and Stress Franz Joseph Hadyn’s work was about 5 decades long. His early work dates from the high Baroque Era. He entered into a new stylistic period which was known as “Sturm and Drang” which means storm and stress. This was taken from the term in the literary movement. The literary movement was more expressively. It was mostly written the minor keys. One of his composition that was involved with movement was called Farewell Symphony No. 4. This is where he started to write fugues in his music. Literary Movement

6 Trumpets, Timpani’s & Comic Opera’s
He decided to move back to the lighter and entertainment part of the music style. It used more of the trumpets and timpani’s. He was able to start writing comic opera’s. This was a time, in his life but it helped him continue his career. When he performed with this style to his audience it made them perk up and not fall asleep. In his years of being a composer his style changed immensely. When he first was working as a servant Franz Joseph Hadyn worked fast on his composition to get them finished. He had deadlines that he needed to have completed. His later years when he became a rich man and his massive house that he built, he had the privileged not to have to hurry and he could take his time with his compositions

7 Worked hard, Have a profound musical imagination and had an impact of the Sonata Movement
Composed 106 symphonies Influenced the Structural principles of history music Established good friends A lot of his compositions he composed was in the Motif’s Franz Joseph Hadyn knew how to work hard. He was able to have a profound musical imagination which helped him compose his music. He evolved his subtle ways and he influenced the structural principles of the history of music. He made an impact of the Sonata’s movement, became famous of the string quartets and his symphonies.

8 Farewell Symphony No. 45 He did a lot of Homophonics and worked with the Gluck a lot on his pieces. In his music he did a lot of the alternating themes which is also known as Variation Form. I can hear a lot of that theme in the Farewell Symphony No. 45 especially at the beginning.

9 FOUR MOVEMENTS Sent a message to its listeners.
Symphony contains four movements Allegro-opening act=fast tempo. Lyrical-Slow movement Dance-also called a minuet With the minuet comes the brisk finale Attention In this Symphony Franz Joseph Hadyn changed it to have Five Movements His last movement is a slow movement With this song that Joseph Franz Hadyn composed it is meant to send a message to its listeners. This symphony contains four movements. The reason why it is supposed to have the 4 movements is because it was performed in the Classical period. The four movements that Hadyn performed in this symphony is allegro, in the opening act. The allegro movement was a fast tempo. The second movement of the symphony is a very slow movement which is known as lyrical. The third movement is what they known as dance, also called a minuet. With the minuet came the brisk finale.

10 This composition was a true story
This composition that Hadyn wrote is a true story. He wrote this with true live events of Prince Nicolas when he used to work with him. Every year Hadyn’s summer months were spent at Prince Nicolas’s new castle where he composed this piece. Only Hadyn and a few other me that worked for Prince Nicolas were able to bring their families with them to spend the summer days at the castle. The men that came with Prince, Nicolas to help his castle was utterly distraught and went to Hadyn for help to see if they could get Prince Nicolas to go back to their families. He composed a Symphony, that the instruments fall silent.

11 Symphony changes at the end of the composition
Played for Prince Nicolas 4th movement over, audience started to clap Composition not over extra movement Once the opportunity arose, Hadyn played it for the first time for Prince Nicolas. Hadyn performed this just like any other symphony with the four movements. . However, when the symphony was coming to an end, everyone was starting to clap and arise. Then something changed. Hadyn changed it to have a fifth movement This Symphony did what it was supposed to do with the crowd. It made a story, movement and a subtle message or not so subtle message. He was able to help out the workers by composing a symphony, and help the Prince Nicolas let them go home to their family. Prince Nicolas understood and let everyone go home

12 Listening guide F# Minor Staccato Notes
Movement changes with a rest break of about 4 notes Quiet slow movement then builds up Listening Guides to Farewell Symphony No. 45 00:11 Movement 1 stats off with F# Minor, started off with the strings and have them do staccato notes. 00:31 Brings in the woodwinds with the same movement of staccato notes but they ascend into a louder movement. 01:00 The orchestra is still together with this movement, the difference is that Hadyn is provided breaks in between the notes. It is still staccato but the movement decrescendos into a quieter tone. Which is an interval in the piece to have a half note silence. 01:30 At the beginning of this minute and half movement, I am going to call it movement 2 because it changes from the beginning of the first song. It completely stops again with the rest break of about 4 notes. It is quiet slow movement then builds up to a medium fast pace movement to the loudest part of the piece it has yet to be. 01:45 Goes from the highest note that the strings can play in a soft tone. It then the tempo gets loud ascend and fast tempo. 02:10 has a round where the oboes and strings mimic each other. They play the same thing but each instrument is different. I have noticed timbre in this movement. 02:30 This movement builds up by having the strings once again play the same tune over and over again. This difference this time I notice a duple meter and it’s a fun jumpy movement. 02:50 Finishes off the fun jumpy movement, in turns as a vibrato in the strings to go back to the chorus with long notes. Completely different from the first 2 minutes of the song entirely. 03:10 Goes back to the fast long movements of the Allegro notes, slows back down to the tempo of the first movement. 03:30 In this movement, the oboes are going back to their high pitch with a rest in the song completely stopping for a good whole note. Then it breaks into the loudest notes fast tempo notes again. 03:50 The horns have their debut of their solo. Playing the note in a dark mood kind of like changing seasons from Fall to Winter. 04:15 The orchestra comes back to the chorus where they play all together. They play in staccato, fast movements and ascends to loud tones. 04:30 The Oboes are playing a solo where they play deep with fast notes (dark mood), at the same time the strings are playing high with a dark mood. 04:50 The strings are playing a chant where they start off slow and quiet. They then turn it around and ascend it to awake and happy notes. 05:20 The strings are coming back to do a brisk walk of the chorus as you are walking in a forest enjoying your day. 05:40 The strings are playing their melody while in the background you can hear the trumpets play a quiet note where something is about to happen. 06:00 The notes are getting mad by playing duple meters in this movement. It almost sounds like you are trying to run from someone after you were just enjoying the nice brisk Sunday walk in the forest. 06:30 High pitch notes from this movement with all of the orchestra. It is back again to the beginning of the symphony, almost feels like it is the end of the song. Then it rests again for a longer time than the other movements and changes the whole song. It’s not done! 06:50 I can hear the triple meter in this movement. Every third note it is loud and staccato. While the first 2 notes are soft and a little longer. Alisa Bailey Term Paper Professor Ferrin 07:10 This movement is slow, has lots of vibrato in the strings and oboes. Very quiet movement. Kind of like being in a church and listening to a hymn. 07:30 Back to the duple meter with this movement. Airy notes as if they are playing on a cloud. 08:00 Here the strings are very quiet with the first few notes, and then adding a sharp loud note to it every other 3rd note. While the trumpets are play a deep soft note in between. 08:30 This movement is very different from the rest of the song we have listened to. This part is quiet, soft holding out the notes longer. It is playing more half notes then the staccato note in the previous movements. 08:45 Oboes turn for a solo in having a dark tune with their vibrato. Duple meter following the strings.

13 7 Last Words of Christ In this message of his composition has to move the audience with the spoken words. The bishop was the narrator in the song to give the message to the audoience As we know Franz Joseph Hadyn wrote his symphonies with a message whether it be subtle or not so subtle. The Last Words of Christ has a deep spiritual message. The story is in a setting located in Spain. It was completely black room. The bishop is the narrator of the song, he was to move the audience with the spoken words. After each seven words that were introduced from the bishop, each Sonata was then played in return.

14 Loud Staccato Notes Timbre
Dark Loud Violins are a major part of this composition. Dark Loud staccato notes The singers will match with the violins doing timbre Singers ascend while the violins are descending their notes. Staccato Notes Timbre The Seven Last Words of Christ Part 4 00:10 The first part of this has one of the violins playing while they have the singer plays in rhythm. When that happens for the first 4 notes they have another violin play a dark, loud staccato note :20 The strings now become back to playing notes together and the singers get to shine. The singers are the messenger and they are singing loud and high. Giving out a message. 01:45 The singers and the violins here are doing timbre. The singers are matching the tune with the violins. 02:00 In this chorus the singers are ascending their notes while the violins are descending their notes.

15 Bibliographies Franz Joseph Haydn . (2014). The website. Retrieved 05:55, Oct 06, 2014, from haydn   "Franz Josef Haydn." Biography. N.p., n.d. Web. 06 Oct. 2014 " ernal_links." A&E Networks Television, n.d. Web. 05 Oct. 2014 "Symphony No. 45 (Haydn)." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 26 Sept Web. 06 Oct  The Seven Last Words of Christ – The Franz Joseph Haydn Symphony." John H Armstrong. N.p., n.d. Web. 06 Oct Franz Joseph Haydn . (2014). The website. Retrieved 05:55, Oct 06, 2014, from "Franz Josef Haydn." Biography. N.p., n.d. Web. 06 Oct. 2014 " A&E Networks Television, n.d. Web. 05 Oct. 2014 "Symphony No. 45 (Haydn)." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 26 Sept Web. 06 Oct "The Seven Last Words of Christ – The Franz Joseph Haydn Symphony." John H Armstrong. N.p., n.d. Web. 06 Oct All the images on this power point were found on Google.

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