Presentation on theme: " What did the Balfour Declaration declare? What does PLO stand for? Who was Iran’s leader from 1979-1989 that set up Islamic law in Iran?"— Presentation transcript:
What did the Balfour Declaration declare? What does PLO stand for? Who was Iran’s leader from 1979-1989 that set up Islamic law in Iran?
a. Identify ethnic conflicts and new nationalisms; include pan-Africanism, pan- Arabism, and the conflicts in Bosnia-Herzegovina and Rwanda. c. Analyze terrorism as a form of warfare in the 20th century; include Shining Path, Red Brigade, Hamas, and Al Qaeda; and analyze the impact of terrorism on daily life; include travel, world energy supplies, and financial markets. d. Examine the rise of women as major world leaders; include Golda Meir, Indira Gandhi, and Margaret Thatcher.
Created in 1980’s Terrorist attacks against Israel Imposed Islamic law Islamic Law: legal system based on Islamic principles and beliefs Took control of Gaza Strip in 2007 Money for Hamas comes from Arab countries such as Saudi Arabia & Iran VideoVideo
Hamas and PLO have hatred for European countries and the U.S. Hatred comes from: 1. Dishonesty of Great Britain after WWI 2. UN granting land to Israel 3. Foreign countries meddling in Middle East 4. U.S. military and financial support of Israel
Ayatollah Khomeini: Iran’s leader from 1979- 1989 Set up Islamic law in Iran Ex: Women must wear a veil, banned Western music and alcohol, punishments under Islamic law Hated U.S. and Soviet Union Took over U.S. embassy in Tehran Held 66 U.S. citizens hostage for 1 year
Former leaders of Afghanistan Extreme version of Islamic Law: 1. Women banned from work 2. Women denied education 3. Destroyed all non-Islamic statues Ex: Destroyed Buddhist statues 100’s of years old Allowed Islamic militants to train and plan terrorist attacks in Afghanistan Ex: Osama Bin Laden Forced out of control by United States after 9/11
Leader of Al-Qaeda Al-Qaeda: Islamic terrorists responsible for 9-11 attacks on U.S. World Trade Center & Pentagon Blames U.S. and European countries for problems in Middle East Ex: Creation of Israel, Crusades, 1 st Iraq War Responsible for the death of 3,000 Americans Believed to be hiding in the Hindu Kush mountains between Pakistan and Afghanistan
Changed thoughts on air travel Many airlines went bankrupt Increased U.S. security Creation of Department of Homeland Security Showed small terrorist groups can cause massive damage Sleeper cells: terrorists who blend into a community until time to strike Brought fear to Americans 1 st attack on U.S. soil since Pearl Harbor Changed some U.S. perceptions of Muslims U.S. President Bush began global war on terror Ex: Iraq
Saddam Hussein: former dictator of Iraq Used Iraq’s oil money to build a large military Wanted to gain more oil around region 1980: attacked Iran 1990: attacked Kuwait Led to Operation Desert Shield and Desert Storm
1. Operation Desert Shield 1990: Hussein invaded Kuwait Kuwait has lots of oil 34 countries led by U.S. push Iraq out of Kuwait 2. Iraq War 2002: U.S. believes Saddam Hussein developing nuclear weapons Hussein denied accusations March 2003: U.S. and Britain attack Iraq Government fell in 4 weeks videovideo
July 2003: U.S. troops find Hussein in underground bunker Hussein tried by Iraq jury and hanged Religious factions and anti-American terrorists still fighting for control of Iraq Ex: Kurds, Sunnis, Shiites, al-Qaeda, PLO, Hamas video video