4 Main ideaWhen a person breaks a law, it is called a crime. There are several types of crimes and a variety of reasons why people commit crimes.
5 Vocabulary wordsCrime: is any act that breaks the law and for which there is a punishment.Criminal: is a person who commits any type of crime.Felonies: serious crimes such as murder and kidnapping.Misdemeanors: less serious offenses, such as traffic violations and disturbing the peace.Victimless crimes: crimes such as illegal gambling and the use of illegal drugs.White-collar crimes: are crimes that are non- violent such as copyright violations to embezzlement and fraud.
7 Types of crimesViolent Crime- Crimes against persons that include force or the threat of force are violent crimes. They include acts that harm a person, end a person’s life, or threaten to end a person’s life.Aggravated assault- Any kind of physical injury that is done intentionally to another person. Some aggravated assaults happen when a person robs someone else.Crimes against property- This crime involves stealing or destroying someone’s property.Victimless crimes- These crimes are considered victimless because the criminal does not violate another person’s right, but mainly harms himself or herself.White- Collar crimes- These range from copyright violations to embezzlement and fraud.Organized crimes- Organized crime groups specialize in providing illegal goods and services.
8 Examples of crimes Violent Crimes: murder, forcible rape and robbery. Aggravated assault: causing a threat with a deadly weapon or with intent to rape or even murder.Crimes against property: larceny and auto theft.Victimless crimes: public nudity, riding a motorcycle without a helmet.White- collar crimes: Accounting Fraud, tax evasionOrganized crimes: threatened violence
9 Causes of crimesPoverty- When people cannot earn enough money to support themselves or their family; they may turn to crime to obtain things they don’t have.Illegal Drug Use- Stealing to support their drug habit, selling drugs, or acting under the influence of drugs.Permissive Society- The idea is that many parents permit their children to do anything they want.Urbanization- More people live in cities, which mean there are more potential victims for criminals.Other Causes of crimes- Without a good education, some people are unable to find jobs and may turn to crime.No Single Cause-Experts do agree that today’s crime problem probably cannot be blamed on any single cause.
10 Game time!!! What are three different types of crime? What does a misdemeanor mean?What causes illegal drug use crimes?
11 Answers Hate crimes, violent crimes, and victimless crimes. Less serious offenses, such as traffic, violations and disturbing peace.Stealing to support their drug habits, selling drugs or acting under the influence of drugs.
13 Main IdeaThis section is mainly about what happens when someone breaks a law, how the law is handled, and who handles it.
14 The role of the PolicePolice have a number of duties such as protecting life and property, preventing crime, and arresting people who violate the law.They also include protecting the rights of individuals, maintaining peace and order and controlling traffic.
15 ArrestsBefore an officer can arrest a suspect a police officer must have a probable cause. A probable cause means that the officer must have witnessed the crime or must have gathered enough information to make an arrest. Miranda rights: “You have the right to remain silent blah,blah,blah”.After arrest a suspect the suspect is taken to the police station for booking, when a record of arrest is made.
16 Grand Jury and Indictment Before a defendant can be tried. A formal charge must be made. If grand jury find probable, the sentence is indicted or formally charged for the crime.After he or she is charged, the defendant goes to the judge for arraignment, which is when a defendant enters a plea of guilty or not guilty.
17 Trial After the jury has been selected, the trial begins. First the prosecutor presents the case against the defendant.Next the defense presents it’s case.Then they ask witnesses questions about the case.After both sides represent their case each lawyer makes a closing statements about their argument.Finally the jury leaves to discuss the case.
18 Imprisonment Less serious crimes may be punished only with fines More serious crimes are typically punished with imprisonmentCriminals are sentenced to imprisonment to jail. Depending on what the crime was is how officials decide how long they must serve their punishment
19 What is the order of a crime? Crime, investegation, arrest, charged, hearing, head for trial, dismissed, plea, trial, guilty, inoccent, jail, fine, and probation.
20 Game time!!! What type of duties do police serve? What is probable cause?In less serious crimes what are criminals charged with?
21 AnswersA criminal justice system is a system of police, courts and corrections used to bring criminals to justice.When an authorization by court enter a plea of guilty and non-guilty it is called an Arrest WarrantAnother word that means to find a defendant guilty or non-guilty is acquit.
22 Chapter 16 Section 3By: Raime Morales and Anthony Aguiar
23 Main IdeaThis section is mainly about juveniles which are people under the age of 18 who break the law.
24 Vocabulary Juvenile- under the age of 18. Delinquents-Juveniles become delinquents when they are found .Probation-Is time during which offenders are given an opportunity to show that they can reform.Gang Membership-Young people without stable homes may turn to gangs for support and a sense of belonging.
25 TopicsPoor Home Conditions- Many kids don’t grow up in a good neighborhood. These kids tend to grow up around violence and crime; they are influenced to be criminals.Poor neighborhood conditions- The poorer neighborhoods tend to have more crime rates.Dropping out of school- Juveniles tend to drop out of college or high school don’t have a successful life.
26 TopicsPeer Pressure-People are pressured to do things they are supposed to do.Alcohol and drugs- Even if these things are illegal, minors still manage to get them.Foster homes: Where minors who don’t don’t have parents or guardians stay until someone adopts them.
27 How many delinquents are there in the US until this day? 53% of the minors in the US are delinquents.
28 Quiz time!!! What is a delinquent? What is a Foster home? What is a gang membership?
29 Answers A juvenile that is found. Where minors go when they have no parent or guardian.Young people without stable homes may turn to gangs for support and a sense of belonging.