Presentation on theme: "What is Poetry?What is Poetry? Creative Writing Ms. Bilskemper."— Presentation transcript:
What is Poetry?What is Poetry? Creative Writing Ms. Bilskemper
Webster’s dictionary definition…Webster’s dictionary definition… Writing that formulates a concentrated imaginative awareness of experience in language chosen and arranged to create a specific emotional response through meaning, sound, and rhythm. Let’s translate…
Concentrated Poetry is usually concise and doesn’t take up pages and pages
Imaginative Poetry is not a factual report. If you do report on something, you must do it in an unusual or compelling way, with language that’s carefully crafted
Chosen and arrangedChosen and arranged You choose the words you use in a poem and think hard about why you use them; certain words may flow together better, certain sounds may evoke a particular emotional response.
Emotional A poem should elicit an emotional response. Anyone can put lines on a page, but few people can elicit an emotional response from a stranger.
Sound and rhythmSound and rhythm The flow and music of lines and sentences is what makes a poem a poem
Poetic TechniquesPoetic Techniques
Alliteration Repetition of initial consonant sounds in several words in a sentence or line of poetry Used to create musical effects, link related ideas, stress certain words, or mimic specific sounds
Blank VerseBlank Verse Unrhymed poetry Usually iambic pentameter Captures the natural rhythm of speech
Catalogue TechniqueCatalogue Technique It’s nothing more than a list, but used wisely
Figurative LanguageFigurative Language Words and expressions not meant to be taken literally. Appeal to the imagination Similes Metaphors Hyperbole Personification
Image A word that appeals to one or more of the senses
Meter A poem’s rhythmical pattern Foot – a pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables (either two or three) Most common – iambic pentameter 1 stressed, 1 unstressed – 5 feet
Onomatopoeia Use of words to imitate the sound they describe Used to create a musical effect and to reinforce meaning
Rhyme Internal rhyme End rhyme
Poetic FormsPoetic Forms
Ballad A story told in song form Words are simple Has a strong beat “Rime of the Ancient Mariner”
Epics Long narratives in an elevated style High born characters that go on adventures Depict key event in history Homer’s Iliad, Odyssey
Free VerseFree Verse Poetry without a regular rhyme and meter
Haiku Japanese poetic form with three lines that total 17 syllables 1,3 lines have 5 syllables 2 line has 7 syllables Often about nature, spiritual insight
Limerick One type of humorous poetry Five lines and a strong rhyme: a-a-b- b-a Rhyming words sometimes misspelled to create humor Usually bawdy and involve buckets and girls from Nantucket…
Lyrical PoetryLyrical Poetry Short, emotional poems Most poems of all natures fall into this category.
Narrative PoetryNarrative Poetry Tells a story through a storyline or through a dramatized situation
Sonnet Lyric poem of 14 lines written in iambic pentameter PETRARCHAN / ITALIAN Octave – the first 8 lines that rhyme a-b-b-a, a-b-b-a Present a problem Sestet – last 6 lines that rhyme c-d-e, c-d-e Resolve the problem
Sonnet cont…Sonnet cont… ELIZABETHAN / SHAKESPEREAN Same format as previous sonnet Rhyme changed to a-b-a-b, c-d-c-d, e-f-e-f, g-g First 12 lines describe the problem and the final couplet resolves the problem.