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What is Poetry?What is Poetry? Creative Writing Ms. Bilskemper.

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Presentation on theme: "What is Poetry?What is Poetry? Creative Writing Ms. Bilskemper."— Presentation transcript:

1 What is Poetry?What is Poetry? Creative Writing Ms. Bilskemper

2 Webster’s dictionary definition…Webster’s dictionary definition…  Writing that formulates a concentrated imaginative awareness of experience in language chosen and arranged to create a specific emotional response through meaning, sound, and rhythm.  Let’s translate…

3 Concentrated  Poetry is usually concise and doesn’t take up pages and pages

4 Imaginative  Poetry is not a factual report. If you do report on something, you must do it in an unusual or compelling way, with language that’s carefully crafted

5 Chosen and arrangedChosen and arranged  You choose the words you use in a poem and think hard about why you use them; certain words may flow together better, certain sounds may evoke a particular emotional response.

6 Emotional  A poem should elicit an emotional response. Anyone can put lines on a page, but few people can elicit an emotional response from a stranger.

7 Sound and rhythmSound and rhythm  The flow and music of lines and sentences is what makes a poem a poem

8 Poetic TechniquesPoetic Techniques

9 Alliteration  Repetition of initial consonant sounds in several words in a sentence or line of poetry  Used to create musical effects, link related ideas, stress certain words, or mimic specific sounds

10 Blank VerseBlank Verse  Unrhymed poetry  Usually iambic pentameter  Captures the natural rhythm of speech

11 Catalogue TechniqueCatalogue Technique  It’s nothing more than a list, but used wisely

12 Figurative LanguageFigurative Language  Words and expressions not meant to be taken literally.  Appeal to the imagination  Similes  Metaphors  Hyperbole  Personification

13 Image  A word that appeals to one or more of the senses

14 Meter  A poem’s rhythmical pattern  Foot – a pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables (either two or three)  Most common – iambic pentameter  1 stressed, 1 unstressed – 5 feet

15 Onomatopoeia  Use of words to imitate the sound they describe  Used to create a musical effect and to reinforce meaning

16 Rhyme  Internal rhyme  End rhyme

17 Poetic FormsPoetic Forms

18 Ballad  A story told in song form  Words are simple  Has a strong beat  “Rime of the Ancient Mariner”

19 Epics  Long narratives in an elevated style  High born characters that go on adventures  Depict key event in history  Homer’s Iliad, Odyssey

20 Free VerseFree Verse  Poetry without a regular rhyme and meter

21 Haiku  Japanese poetic form with three lines that total 17 syllables  1,3 lines have 5 syllables  2 line has 7 syllables  Often about nature, spiritual insight

22 Limerick  One type of humorous poetry  Five lines and a strong rhyme: a-a-b- b-a  Rhyming words sometimes misspelled to create humor  Usually bawdy and involve buckets and girls from Nantucket…

23 Lyrical PoetryLyrical Poetry  Short, emotional poems  Most poems of all natures fall into this category.

24 Narrative PoetryNarrative Poetry  Tells a story through a storyline or through a dramatized situation

25 Sonnet  Lyric poem of 14 lines written in iambic pentameter  PETRARCHAN / ITALIAN  Octave – the first 8 lines that rhyme a-b-b-a, a-b-b-a  Present a problem  Sestet – last 6 lines that rhyme c-d-e, c-d-e  Resolve the problem

26 Sonnet cont…Sonnet cont…  ELIZABETHAN / SHAKESPEREAN  Same format as previous sonnet  Rhyme changed to a-b-a-b, c-d-c-d, e-f-e-f, g-g  First 12 lines describe the problem and the final couplet resolves the problem.

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