Presentation on theme: "Briefly explain Jay’s AND Pinckney’s Treaties."— Presentation transcript:
1Briefly explain Jay’s AND Pinckney’s Treaties. Bell RingerBriefly explain Jay’s AND Pinckney’s Treaties.
2From Washington to Adams #6Objectives:- Identify some of the deep divisions between Federalists and Democratic-Republicans.
3Washington leaves office Washington decided not to run for a 3rd term in 1796.Why?Increased arguing between Federalists and the Democratic-RepublicansA bitter political fight over Jay’s Treaty
4The Election of 1796 Adams received 71 electoral votes Federalist CandidateJohn AdamsD-R CandidateThomas JeffersonAdams received 71 electoral votesJefferson received 68 electoral votes
5We get a Federalist President and a D-R Vice-President According tothe constitutionThe President is the person that receives the most electoral votes, the person that finishes second becomes the Vice-President!!!So…..We get a Federalist President and a D-R Vice-President
6The rise of sectionalism - placing the interests of one region over the interests of the nation as a wholeAlmost all of the electors in the North voted for Adams,while almost all of the electors in the South voted for Jefferson
7Adams tries to avoid war The French viewed Jay’s Treaty a violation of the French-American Alliance from the American Revolution times.Adams sent a 3 man team to France to meet and discuss the tensions.
8The xyz affairPresident Adams sent 3 ambassadors to France to discuss the issue3 French ambassadors met them & wanted a bribe ($250,000 and $12 million)President Adams told Congress what happened “French agents X,Y, & Z”1798 Congress suspended all trade with France, created a Navy, and Navy seized French ships
9Alien and sedition acts 4 Laws passed by Congress during the height of the XYZ AffairWait period for citizenship from 5 to 14 yearsAnd 3) gave the President the power to deport aliens without trial4) Outlawed printing or speaking poorly about the Federal Gov’tMadison and Jefferson declared these acts dangerous to civil liberties and representative government in the Virginia and Kentucky ResolutionsThese acts were designed to strengthen the Federalist party and weaken the Democratic-Republicans
10Virginia and Kentucky resolutions D-Rs Jefferson and Madison wrote up a response to the Federalist supporting Alien and Sedition Acts.These gave the states the rights to nullify any act of Congress they feel is “unconstitutional”.Virginia and Kentucky viewed the Alien and Sedition Acts “unconstitutional” because of the 1st amendment.