2 Objective:The student will be able to identify and describe methods of massage and beneficial results from facial treatments
3 Massage Definition Arabic word scientific method of manipulations of the bodyrubbing, pinching, tapping, kneading or strokinghands, fingers, or instrumentArabic word“massa” meaning “to touch “ or “ to stroke”
4 Massage dates back to Greeks , to cure aliments most relaxing service separate service or part of a treatmentmassage keeps the skinsmoothfreshmuscles firmenhances facial beauty
5 Qualifications of a cosmetologist Quiet temperamentself controltactfulnessSoft handssmooth beveled nailswrists & fingers should be flexiblepalms should be firm, warm, dry
6 Massage areas applied upon skin scalp face, neck, shoulders upper chest and neckhands and armsfeet and legs
7 Caution: Postpone massage if conditions are present: Do not massage if conditions are present:-high blood pressure-inflamed and swollen jointsPostpone massage if conditions are present:-skin abrasions, diseased skin-broke capillaries , bruised redness, swelling pus, such as pustules (pimples) papules (hardened red elevation) and acne.
8 TO PREVENT DRAGTO PREVENT DRAG OR DAMAGE TO THE CLIENT’S SKIN, APPLY CREAM OR OIL TO YOUR HANDS.
9 Appliances for massage: Therapeutic lampsdermal lightsinfra-red lampHigh frequency currentFacial steamersHeating cap for scalp massageVibrators
10 Frequency of massage Depends on what factor: Normal skin and scalp condition of scalpage of patroncondition to be treatedNormal skin and scalponce a week
11 FINAL MASSAGE RESULTS DEPEND ON THE Amount of pressureDirection of movementDuration of each type manipulation
12 MassageDirection of massage movement should be from muscle insertion toward its origin. The end of a muscle that is attached to a bone or tissue is the origin. The other end of a muscle (attached to another muscle or to a moveable bone or joint) is the insertion.
13 Basic massage manipulations Effleurage (stroking)light, continuous movementNO pressurerelaxing, soothing stroking or circular motionused on face, neck, arms
14 Basic massage manipulations Petrissage (kneading)light or heavy kneading, rolling, and squeezing of musclesused on face, arms, shoulders, and upper back.pressure is light, but firmdeep stimulation of muscles
15 Basic massage manipulations Tapotement or Percussiontapping, slapping, and hacking movementsCAUTION: limit hacking movements to arm, back, and shoulderincreases blood circulationstimulates nervespromotes muscle contractionarms, back, shouldersgives the most stimulating effect
16 Basic massage manipulations Friction (deep rubbing)influences circulation and glandular activity of the skinlight circular friction movementschucking, rolling, and wringing are forms frictionused on scalp, arms, handsface , neck
17 Basic massage manipulations Vibration (shaking)rapid shaking of arms while balls of fingertips press on point of applicationhighly stimulating movementuse vibration sparinglynever apply vibration over a few seconds
18 Beneficial results nourishes skin reduces fat cells skin is made soft and pliableincreases blood circulationcauses blood vessels to dilate and increases blood supply to skinstimulates activity of skin glands
19 Beneficial results stimulates and strengthens muscle fiber stronger muscle tonefewer wrinklesreduction of adipose tissueadipose tissue in subcutaneous layerfirmer texturesoothes and rests nervesnormalizes metabolism & keratinization
20 Beneficial results sometimes relieves pain in tense muscles relieves body tensionstrengthens weak muscle tissuerelieves emotional stress
21 Conclusion We have learned today qualifications of a cosmetologist massage areasappliances and frequency of massagebasic massage manipulationsbeneficial results