Presentation on theme: "Basic Facial Student Objectives"— Presentation transcript:
1 Basic Facial Student Objectives List & describe different skin typesList and describe different skin conditionsIdentify conditions or treatments that might cause a negative side effect during a facialDemonstrate the different massage techniques and identify the effects they have on the skin during a facialUnderstand the use of health screening forms to safely perform facial treatments
2 Basic FacialProper skin care can make a big difference in the way the skin looks and the way the client feels about their appearance.It is very rewarding to be able to help people relax, improve their appearance and feel better about themselves.
3 Skin Analysis & Consultation Skin analysis is very important part of the facial treatment because it determines what type of skin the client has, the condition of the skin and what type of treatment the client's skin needs.
4 ContraindicationsA condition the client has or treatment the client is undergoing that might cause a negative side effect during a facial treatment:When in doubt....don't!
5 Health ScreeningOn the client consultation card is a section devoted to determining a contraindication. A contraindication is a condition the client has or a treatment the client is undergoing that might have a negative side effect during the facial treatment.Allergic to FragranceRetin-A (Skin exfoliation)Tazorac (Skin exfoliation)Accutane (Causes thinning of the skin)Pacemaker (Avoid electric treatments)Open sores, fever blisters etc.Pregnancy
6 Skin Types Oily-Over production of oil, large pores, shiny Dry-Lack of sebum, pores very small,Normal-Even pore distribution, soft smoothCombination-T-zone usually is oily, cheeks dryAcne Prone-Presence of red papules & pustules, comedones, clogged pores
7 Skin ConditionsDehydrated: Flaky areas, skin that wrinkles easily, can be caused by lack of skin care, sun damage or inappropriate skin productsHyperpigmentation: Dark patches of color, usually caused by sun exposure, hormone imbalancesSensitive: Rosacea- chronic hereditary disorder; Couperose-dilated capillariesAging Skin: Loss of elasticity, skin sags & wrinklesSun Damage: Chronically exposed to sun, wrinkles, sags, skin is dehydrated and has hyperpigmentation
8 Cleansers Designed to clean the surface of the skin and remove makeup Cleansing Milks (non foaming lotions)Dry and sensitive skin typesFoaming CleansersCombination to oily skinContains surfactantsSome can contain antibacterial ingredients for acne-prone skin
9 Masks Applied to skin for short time, gives immediate effects Clay-Based masks-often used on oily & combination skin, oil absorbing, deep cleansing, make pores appear smallerCream-based masks-often used on dry & sensitive skin, have a moisturizing and soothing effectGel masks-often used on sensitive skin, hydrating & soothing
10 Exfoliants Removes excess dead cells from skin MechanicalMicrodermabrasion (granular scrubs)Skin brushing machinesChemicalAlpha hydroxy acids (dissolve bonds between the cells)Enzyme peels (dissolves the keratin protein in surface cells)
11 Additional Skin Care Products Tonic LotionsAstringents (oily-combination skin types)Fresheners (Normal-Combination)Alcohol-Free Toners (dry & sensitive skin types)MoisturizersDry Skin Moisturizers contain emollients and is heavier consistencyOily Skin Moisturizers smaller amounts of emoillients, some are mineral oil free so as not to clog the pores
12 Massage Manipulations EffeurageLight continuous stroking movementsPetrissageKneading movement,performed by lifting, squeezing or pressing the tissueFrictionDeep rubbing pressue is applied with fingers or palmVibrationRapid shaking while fingertips are pressed firmly on point of applicationTapotement or PercussionShort quick tapping or hacking movements