2 Neurochemicals, gentics, DSM-IV-TR AddictionA01Learning OutcomesNotes on Biological approach to addictionLearning ObjectivesALL will know the Biological explanation of addiction for Gambling.ALL will know the Biological explanation of addiction for SmokingSTARTER – 5 minsWhy do you think someone might get addicted to smoking or gambling?Key termsNeurochemicals, gentics, DSM-IV-TR
3 Addiction overview Models of addictive behaviour Biological, cognitive and learning approaches to explaining initiation, maintenance and relapse to smoking and gambling.Vulnerability to addictionRisk factors in the development of addiction including stress, peers, age and personality.Media influences on addictionReducing addictive behaviourTheory of planned behaviour to prevent addictive behaviourTypes of intervention to help people
4 Stages of AddictionInitiation – What triggers or starts addictive behaviour?Maintenance – What keeps a person addicted?Relapse – Why does someone slip up and start addiction again?
5 We are going to watch a documentary about addiction.
6 Gambling A01 Gambling is a major psychiatric disorder DSM-IV-TR Individual demonstrates a loss of control of gambling behaviourExhibit a progressive increase in frequency of gamblingContinue to gamble despite negative repercussions.
7 Initiation A01 Gambling runs in families. Shah et al (2005) found evidence of genetic transmission of gambling in men.Black et al (2006) first degree relatives were more likely to suffer from pathological gambling then were most distant relatives. Showing a strong genetic link.
8 Create a mind-map in your book Where might children witness acts of aggression and the consequences of aggression?Create a mind-map in your book
10 Experiment Break down A01 Male and female children aged 3-5 Independent measures experiment - Half exposed to aggressive model half to non aggressive model.Model shows physical and verbal aggression - beats the doll and shouts POW!Children then exposed to the doll and copy what they have seen. Clear difference between the 2 condition groups.Some verbal copying in aggressive condition. No verbal aggression from children in other condition.
11 Social learningA01Child must create mental representations of events in their social environment; We make a mental note of how someone behaves that guides our future behaviour.Child also needs to decide if the reward will be greater than any punishment for that aggressive behaviour.
12 Production of behaviour If a child is rewarded they will repeat the same aggressive behaviour again. This will maintain their aggressive actions.E.g. bullies get what they want if they are aggressive so will continue to do this.Children also need to gain confidence in their aggressive behaviour. If they weren’t good at aggression then they may turn to other behaviours instead due to their low sense of self-efficacy.
13 DemonstrateA01Create a story board of the steps of the Bobo doll studies with notes. Use page 66.
14 HomeworkTake notes on the Bobo doll experiment using link below and the book.Create AO1 question plan.
15 PlenaryExplain the following aggressive behaviours using theories we have looked at today. Write your answer.A child who is aggressively bullying other children. He is well known and has been doing it all year.A male child from a home with domestic violence beats up girls at school.A child who used to get into fights now when faced with a threatening situation tells the teacher instead.