3 VOCABULARY 2 – Travel phrasal verbs put on . put up come back stop off Get on turn back take off come across Get off set offto clothe oneself into accommodate or be accommodated at: can you put me up for tonight?To returnA stop on a trip to visit a diffferent placeto board or help to board (a bus, train, etc)To reversethe act or process of making an aircraft airborneto meet or find by accidentto descend (from a bus, train, etc)to embark on/start a journey
4 FUTURE TENSEIn Spanish we have just one kind of future tense but in English they have several forms to talk about the future. (if it is something planned or not or if it is a near or a far away future)To talk about the future you have to use these forms:.BE GOING TOWILLPRESENT SIMPLEPRESENT CONTINOUS
5 BE GOING TO + INFINITIVE I’m going to go the gym this yearShe’s going to give up smokingMy family are going to visit me on summerPeter and Jane are going to have a babyFuture plans or intentions
6 WILL Future facts (long future facts) I will get married at the age of 30People will fly in the year 2060You will meet your future wife in the cinemaThis summer will be very hotFuture facts (long future facts)
7 BE GOING TO + INFINITIVE As you can see you have the verb “BE” so it is clear that you have to conjugate it. (And you all already know how to do it)You have to be aware because you need to add a verb in the infinitive form, this is the main verb , the verb you are going to use in the future form.I’m going to see the doctor next MondayShe is not going to pass the exam, she hasn’t studied at allWhat are you going to do next Friday?Is your brother going to come to the party? No, he isn’t *
8 WILLIt is very easy to conjugate because it acts as a modal verb. I mean it is “sacred/untouchable”, it can not be changed. It must be followed (ALWAYS!!if not it doesn’t have any sense) by an INFINITIVE formIts negative form is WON’T and it follows the same rulesShe will pass the exam, I promiseIf I win the lottery I will travel to New YorkWill you see Peter at the match? No, I won’tThey won’t win the match if the keep playing like that
9 BE GOING TO / WILL Things your are going to say or do Spontaneously Planned or decided actionsThings that will take placeAs a predictionWith evidences
10 BE GOING TO / WILL Things your are going to say or do Spontaneously I’m thirstyI’ll bring you a glass of waterPlanned or decided actionsBE GOING TOI’m going to the cinema next Friday so I can’t go to the partyYou haven’t planed that. You didn’t know your friend was going to be thirsty . It is spontaneousYou have bought the tickets and you have planned that
11 BE GOING TO / WILL Things your are going to say or do Spontaneously WILLPlanned or decided actions BE GOING TOThings that will take placeAs a prediction WILLWith evidences BE GOING TO
12 BE GOING TO / WILL Things that will take place As a prediction (I think, I believe…)WILLI think people will fly in the year 2050Racing will win the league in 6 yearsWith evidencesBE GOING TOShe is going to fall off that chair!Look at that clouds! It is going to rainYou are like a fortune teller with your crystal ball predicting the futureYou have some evidences, the clouds, the chair in a wrong position…
13 BE GOING TO / WILL WILL It is used to talk about PROMISES I promise I won’t watch TV tonight
14 PRESENT CONTINUOUSFixed appointments or when the arrangements are definite and unlikely to change.It’s more definite that when we use Be going to This morning, afternoon...I’m washing my hair this evening*I’m getting marry next July *Tomorrow morning / evening...Next Monday, week, July...
15 PRESENT SIMPLEEvents which are part of a timetable or schedule: buses, trains, concerts...The train leaves at 6:00, so you must be there on timeThe concert starts at 10:00 and finishes at 11:00
16 Let’s practice Will or be going to 1. Look! I’ve just won 100$. I will / am going to buy myself a new jacket at last.2. He doesn’t look healthy and smokes like a chimney. He will / is going to have a heart attack one day.3. Sarah is going on holiday tomorrow. I’m sure she will / is going to enjoy it.4. I’ve decided to stay at home tonight. I will / am gong to study for my history test.5. Al is coming to our party. I hope he will / isn’t going to / is going not to bring anyone with him.6. Just look at Susan. Everybody can see that she will / is going to have a baby.7. Don’t pick up the phone, I will / am gong to answer it.
17 Present Continuous or Present Simple Let’s practice againPresent Continuous or Present Simple1. I play / am playing tennis with David tomorrow.2. Our plane take off / takes off / is taking off at six in the morning.3. What time does last train leave / is last train leaving?4. We are not going to / don’t go to Jessica’s this evening, she is ill.5. School starts / start / is starting at 8.45.6. The exam don’t finish / doesn’t finish / is not finishing until 3.30.8. The match finish / finishes / is finishing at 4.45.
18 Will, be going to or Present Continuous Choose the right answer.Jane has passed all her exams andShe’ll study in Prague next year.She’s going to study in Prague next year.2. He rides that motorbike much too fast.He’s going to have an accident soon.He’s having an accident soon.3. We’ve got some bad news.We aren’t coming tomorrow.We aren’t going to come tomorrow.4. WhatWill you do this evening?Are you doing this evening?6. Don’t worry!She’ll be here soon.She’s going to be here soon.