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There is NOT just one future tense in English. How to express the future then?

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Presentation on theme: "There is NOT just one future tense in English. How to express the future then?"— Presentation transcript:

1 There is NOT just one future tense in English. How to express the future then?

2 1. With the modal WILL. (Future Simple) There are several ways to express the future. Lets see two of those ways. 2. With BE GOING TO.

3 FUTURE SIMPLE AFFIRMATIVE AFFIRMATIVE: Subject + WILL + base form of verb Your brother WILL become famous soon. Will = ll Your brotherll become famous soon.

4 FUTURE SIMPLE NEGATIVE NEGATIVE: Subject + WILL + NOT + base form of verb My friend WILL NOT marry that man. WILL + NOT = WONT My friend wont marry that man.

5 FUTURE SIMPLE INTERROGATIVE INTERROGATIVE: WILL+Subj.+ base form of verb ? WILL IT rain tomorrow ? Short answers Yes, it will. No, it wont.

6 Future Simple We use the modal WILL + the base form of the main verb for: 1. Predictions. You will get married and have 10 children! 2. Quick decisions. Ill have another cup of coffee, please! 3. Promises. Ok! Ill call you tomorrow. I WILL (ll) call You WILL (ll) call He / She WILL (ll) call We WILL (ll) call You WILL (ll) call They WILL (ll) call

7 GOING TO I am (Im) You are (Youre) He is (Hes) She is (Shes) It is (Its) We are (Were) You are (Youre) They are (Theyre) going to (base form of verb = Infinitive without to) AFFIRMATIVE AFFIRMATIVE:

8 GOING TO not I am not (Im not) not You are not (You arent) not He is not(He isnt) not She is not (She isnt) not It is not (It isnt) not We are not (We arent) not You are not (You arent) not They are not (They arent) going to (base form of verb = Infinitive without to) NEGATIVE NEGATIVE:

9 GOING TO I you he /she /it we/you/they going toBase ? INTERROGATIVE INTERROGATIVE: Am Is Are Short answers Short answers amis / are. Yes, + Subject pronoun + am / is / are. No, + Subject pronoun + isnt / arent. Im not *(Note: No, Im not).

10 BE GOING TO We use BE GOING TO + the base form of the main verb for: 1. Plans / Intentions. I am going to practise hard to become a rock star! 2. Predictions based on clear signs. Look at those clouds! It is going to rain! I am going to + V You are going to + V He / She is going to + V We are going to + V You are going to + V They are going to + V

11 REMEMBER! PREDICTIONS QUICK DECISIONS PROMISES PLANS / INTENTIONS PREDICTIONS BASED ON CLEAR SIGNS WILL + VBE GOING TO + V

12 WILL WITH « BE » When the main verb is BE, we can use the simple future tense even if we have a firm plan or decision before speaking. Examples: I'll be in London tomorrow. I'm going shopping. I won't be very long. Will you be at work tomorrow?

13 Questions How are you going to spend your next vacation? Are you going anywhere?How are you going to spend your next vacation? Are you going anywhere? When will the new machine arrive?When will the new machine arrive? What are you going to do next?What are you going to do next? Is anyone going to travel with you?Is anyone going to travel with you? What do you think the party will be like?What do you think the party will be like? IF YOU HAVE FIRM PLANS USE «GOING TO » BUT IF YOU DONT USE « WILL ».

14 PRACTISE! Choose the right way to express the future in the following situations. SITUATION 1SITUATION 2SITUATION 3 Youre thirsty, arent you? I (get) you a glass of water. Oh no! He really (paint) the room that colour? ANSWER I WILL (ll) get you a glass of water. (QUICK DECISION) ANSWER IS he really GOING TO paint the room that colour? (INTENTION) ANSWER We WILL not (wont) be back late. (PROMISE) The film finishes at 10 p.m. We (not be) back late. The film finishes at 10 p.m.

15 ANSWER In Scotland it WILL rain tomorrow. In the south of England it WILL be sunny. (PREDICTION) SITUATION 4 SITUATION 5 ANSWER I WILL (ll) call the doctor. (QUICK DECISION) Youre not well. I (call) the doctor. In Scotland it (rain) tomorrow. In the south of England it (be) sunny. SITUATION 6 Ketchup or mayonnaise? I (have) mayonnaise, please. ANSWER I WILL (ll) have mayonnaise, please. (QUICK DECISION)

16 Will / Be Going to 1. A: Why are you holding a piece of paper? B: I (write)___________ a letter to my friends back home in Texas.1. A: Why are you holding a piece of paper? B: I (write)___________ a letter to my friends back home in Texas. 2. A: I'm about to fall asleep. I need to wake up! B: I (get)_________ you a cup of coffee. That will2. A: I'm about to fall asleep. I need to wake up! B: I (get)_________ you a cup of coffee. That will wake you up. wake you up. 3. A: I can't hear the television! B: I (turn) __________ it up so you can hear it. 3. A: I can't hear the television! B: I (turn) __________ it up so you can hear it. 4. We are so excited about our trip next month to France. We (visit) ___________Paris and Nice. 4. We are so excited about our trip next month to France. We (visit) ___________Paris and Nice. Am going to write ll turn are going to visit ll get Am going to write ll get ll turn Am going to write ll get

17 5. A: It is so hot in here! B: I (turn)________ the air conditioning on.5. A: It is so hot in here! B: I (turn)________ the air conditioning on. 6. I think he (be)_________ the next President of the United States. 6. I think he (be)_________ the next President of the United States. 7. I am ___________to work in ten minutes.7. I am ___________to work in ten minutes. 8. I guess I ____________stay home tonight.8. I guess I ____________stay home tonight. 9. I________be in Texas next week.9. I________be in Texas next week. ll turn will be going to will ll turn will be going to ll turn will be will going to ll turn will be will going to ll turn will be ll turn will be


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