Presentation on theme: "There is NOT just one future tense in English."— Presentation transcript:
1There is NOT just one future tense in English. How to express the future then?
21. With the modal WILL. (Future Simple) There are several ways to express the future. Let’s see two of those ways.1. With the modal WILL. (Future Simple)2. With BE GOING TO.
3FUTURE SIMPLE Your brother WILL become famous soon. Will = ‘ll AFFIRMATIVE:Subject + WILL + base form of verbYour brother WILL become famous soon.Will = ‘llYour brother’ll become famous soon.
4FUTURE SIMPLE My friend WILL NOT marry that man. WILL + NOT = WON’T NEGATIVE:Subject + WILL + NOT + base form of verbMy friend WILL NOT marry that man.WILL + NOT = WON’TMy friend won’t marry that man.
5FUTURE SIMPLE WILL IT rain tomorrow ? Short answers Yes, it will. INTERROGATIVE:WILL+Subj.+ base form of verb ?WILL IT rain tomorrow ?Short answersYes, it will.No, it won’t.
6Future SimpleWe use the modal WILL + the base form of the main verb for:1. Predictions.You will get married and have 10 children!2. Quick decisions.I’ll have another cup of coffee, please!I WILL (’ll) callYou WILL (’ll) callHe / She WILL (’ll) callWe WILL (’ll) callThey WILL (’ll) call3. Promises.Ok! I’ll call you tomorrow.
7Infinitive without “to”) “GOING TO”AFFIRMATIVE:I am (I’m)You are (You’re)He is (He’s)She is (She’s)It is (It’s)We are (We’re)They are (They’re)going to(base form of verb =Infinitive without “to”)
8“GOING TO” (base form of verb = going to Infinitive without “to”) NEGATIVE:I am not (I’m not)You are not (You aren’t)He is not(He isn’t)She is not (She isn’t)It is not (It isn’t)We are not (We aren’t)You are not (You aren’t)They are not (They aren’t)going to(base form of verb =Infinitive without “to”)
9“GOING TO” Am Is Are I you he /she /it we/you/they going to Base ? INTERROGATIVE:AmIsAreIyouhe /she /itwe/you/theygoing toBase ?Short answersYes, + Subject pronoun + am / is / are.No, + Subject pronoun + isn’t / aren’t.*(Note: No, I’m not).
10BE GOING TO We use BE GOING TO + the base form of the main verb for: 1. Plans / Intentions.I am going to practise hard to become a rock star!2. Predictions based on clear signs.Look at those clouds! It is going to rain!I am going to + VYou are going to + VHe / She is going to + VWe are going to + VThey are going to + V
11REMEMBER! PREDICTIONS QUICK DECISIONS PROMISES PLANS / INTENTIONS BASED ONCLEAR SIGNSWILL + VBE GOING TO + V
12WILL WITH « BE »When the main verb is BE, we can use the simple future tense even if we have a firm plan or decision before speaking. Examples:I'll be in London tomorrow.I'm going shopping. I won't be very long.Will you be at work tomorrow?
13IF YOU HAVE FIRM PLANS USE «GOING TO » BUT IF YOU DON’T USE « WILL ». QuestionsIF YOU HAVE FIRM PLANS USE «GOING TO » BUT IF YOU DON’T USE « WILL ».How are you going to spend your next vacation? Are you going anywhere?When will the new machine arrive?What are you going to do next?Is anyone going to travel with you?What do you think the party will be like?
14PRACTISE!Choose the right way to express the future in the following situations.SITUATION 1SITUATION 2SITUATION 3You’re thirsty, aren’t you? I (get) you a glass of water.Oh no! He really (paint) the room that colour?We (not be) back late.The film finishes at 10 p.m.ANSWERI WILL (’ll) get youa glass of water.(QUICK DECISION)ANSWERIS he really GOING TO paintthe room that colour?(INTENTION)ANSWERWe WILL not (won’t) be back late.(PROMISE)The film finishes at 10 p.m.
15SITUATION 4 SITUATION 5 SITUATION 6 In Scotland it (rain) tomorrow. In the south of England it (be) sunny.Ketchup or mayonnaise?I (have) mayonnaise, please.You’re not well.I (call) the doctor.ANSWERI WILL (’ll) call the doctor.(QUICK DECISION)ANSWERIn Scotland it WILL raintomorrow. In the south ofEngland it WILL be sunny.(PREDICTION)ANSWERI WILL (’ll) have mayonnaise,please.(QUICK DECISION)
16Will / Be Going to1. A: Why are you holding a piece of paper? B: I (write)___________ a letter to my friends back home in Texas.2. A: I'm about to fall asleep. I need to wake up! B: I (get)_________ you a cup of coffee. That willwake you up.3. A: I can't hear the television! B: I (turn) __________ it up so you can hear it.4. We are so excited about our trip next month to France. We (visit) ___________Paris and Nice.Am going to writeAm going to writeAm going to write‘ll get‘ll get‘ll get‘ll turn‘ll turnare going to visit
176. I think he (be)_________ the next President of the United States. 5. A: It is so hot in here! B: I (turn)________ the air conditioning on.6. I think he (be)_________ the next President of the United States.7. I am ___________to work in ten minutes.8. I guess I ____________stay home tonight.9. I________be in Texas next week.‘ll turn‘ll turn‘ll turn‘ll turn‘ll turn‘ll turnwill bewill bewill bewill bewill bewill begoing togoing togoing togoing towillwillwillwillwill