Cancer cell caught in the act of dividing Slide 1 c
Different Cancer Types Slide 2 Carcinomas About 85% of cancers are carcinomas. They start in the epithelium, which is the covering (or lining) of organs and of the body (the skin). Sarcomas These form in the connective tissues of the body such as muscle, bone and fatty tissue (6% of cancers). Leukaemias/Lymphomas These occur in the tissues where white blood cells (which fight infection in the body) are formed, i.e. the bone marrow, and lymphatic system (5%). Other forms of Cancer Brain tumours and other rare forms of cancer make up the other 4% of cancers.
Cancers by organ site Slide 3 Lung cancer Breast cancer Stomach cancer Colorectal cancer Liver cancer Cancers of the female reproductive tract Cancers of the male reproductive tract Oesophageal cancer Bladder Head and Neck cancer Lymphoma Leukaemia Pancreatic cancer Melanoma Thyroid cancer Kidney cancer Tumours of the nervous system
Causes of Cancer Slide 4 The disease arises principally because individuals are exposed to cancer causing agents in what they: inhale eat and drink, come into contact with in their personal or work environment. It is also caused by personal habits such as tobacco use physical activity patterns
Cancer Statistics Slide 5 A cancer will affect 1 in 3 of us and 1 in 4 of those affected will die Over 70% of cancers happen to people who are over the age of 60 The possibility of being diagnosed with cancer before the age of 15 is about 1 in 500 the most common cancer for men is lung cancer (19%), followed by prostate cancer (17%) the most common cancer for women is breast cancer (29%), followed by large bowel cancer (12%) 2/3rds of us will never contract the disease and of those who do 75% will beat it!
Treatments SLIDE 6 Surgery Radiotherapy Chemotherapy Hormonal Therapy Other methods of treatment include: Biological Stem cell and bone marrow Supportive Therapies Complementary
SUMMARY / PLENARY SLIDE 7 The body produces pre cancer cells everyday Tumours that spread are cancerous Over 200 different types of cancer No single factor that causes it and no single cure therefore many different treatments Cancer cells differ from normal cells in that they have a reduced need for oxygen 2/3rds will not get cancer and of the 1/3rd that do 75% will beat it Change in lifestyle could prevent over 30% of cancers! Viruses and bacteria responsible for 30% of cancers Toxins have links with cellular damage and links with cancer