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Chapter 25: Noninfectious Diseases  Key Terms:  Noncommunicable Disease  Cardiovascular Diseases  Hypertension  Arteriosclerosis  Atherosclerosis.

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Presentation on theme: "Chapter 25: Noninfectious Diseases  Key Terms:  Noncommunicable Disease  Cardiovascular Diseases  Hypertension  Arteriosclerosis  Atherosclerosis."— Presentation transcript:

1 Chapter 25: Noninfectious Diseases  Key Terms:  Noncommunicable Disease  Cardiovascular Diseases  Hypertension  Arteriosclerosis  Atherosclerosis  Angina pectoris  Stroke  Cancers  Tumors

2 Terms, cont.  Benign  Malignant  Metastasis  Carcinogen  Biopsy  Chemotherapy  Diabetes  Allergy  Asthma

3 Terms, cont.  Arthritis  Rheumatoid Arthritis  Osteoarthritis  Autoimmune Disease

4 Risk Factors for Cardiovascular Disease  Heredity  Ethnicity- African Americans are twice as likely to develop high blood pressure then whites  Gender  Age  Environment

5 Behavior  Risky behaviors include:  Smoking  Poor eating habits  Not being physically active

6 Types of Cardiovascular Disease  Hypertension  Diseases of the Arteries  Diseases of the Heart  Stroke

7 Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease  Avoid smoking  Reduce your intake of cholesterol  Maintain a healthy weight  Limit your intake of salty foods  Get plenty of physical activity  Properly manage your stress

8 Risk Factors Associated with Causing Cancer  Heredity  Environment  Lifestyle  Exposure to Carcinogens- tobacco smoke, asbestos, toxic wastes

9 Types of Cancer  Skin Cancer- Over 1 million new cases of melanoma every year.  Lung Cancer- males who start smoking before the age of 15 are five times more likely to die of lung cancer than those who started after age 25.  Cigarette smoking is the single greatest cause of cancer in the U.S., accounting for 85 percent of lung cancer cases among males and 75 percent among females.

10 Types of Cancer  Oral Cancer- affects the throat and mouth; risk factors include smoking cigarettes, cigars, pipes, etc. and using smokeless tobacco.  Cancer of the Colon and Rectum- 3rd most commonly occurring cancer in the U.S. today.

11 Types of Cancer  Reproductive Cancer- includes breast cancer in women and prostate cancer in men.  Leukemia- cancer of the blood-forming tissue in the bone marrow.

12 Treating Cancer  Three basic approaches:  Surgery  Radiation  Chemotherapy

13 Diabetes  Affects 16 million Americans.  Each day approximately 2200 new cases are diagnosed.

14 What causes diabetes??  Sufficient insulin is not produced or is not used efficiently.  When glucose is unable to enter the cells, it accumulates in the blood until the kidneys filter out some of the surplus, which is passed off in urine.

15 Types of Diabetes  Type 1  Accounts for 10 percent of all cases of the disease.  Body does not produce insulin  Patients must take daily doses of insulin either through injection or by means of an insulin pump

16 Types of Diabetes, cont.  Type 2  Body’s inability to make enough, or properly use, insulin.  80 percent of all type 2 patients are overweight.  Type 2 usually can be controlled by eating patterns, exercise, and losing excess weight….in some cases, oral medications or injections are used.

17 Arthritis Two most common types:  Rheumatoid  Osteoarthritis

18 Conclusion  Cardiovascular Disease  Cancer  Diabetes  Arthritis

19 Questions??


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