Presentation on theme: "USAID Office of Food for Peace Dale Skoric. Trends? In 2008, an additional 115 million people joined the ranks of the hungry. Over 1 billion people worldwide."— Presentation transcript:
Trends? In 2008, an additional 115 million people joined the ranks of the hungry. Over 1 billion people worldwide now suffer from hunger and malnutrition, the highest number in four decades. (FAO) Some 25,000 children die daily from malnutrition, and the majority of these from countries not deemed “humanitarian crises.” (FAO) Seven children die of hunger every minute. (UN Standing Committee on Nutrition) 2 billion people currently suffer from micro-nutrient deficiencies. (WHO) To feed the world in 2030, food production must increase by 50% over current levels. (WB) Between 1995 and 2025, grain demand in sub-Saharan Africa will increase by 121 percent, from 78 to 172 million metric tons. If more land is not allocated for food production now, 370 million could face famine by 2050. (FAO)
Trends? Humanitarian needs in 2011 will probably be at least commensurate with needs in 2010, due to confluence of global trends: –Increasing numbers displaced and vulnerable people –Global economic downturn and food insecurity –Natural disasters –Population growth and urbanization Number of people in need of humanitarian assistance is high and projected to increase: –Number of IDPs increased, from 17 million in 1997 to 26 million in 2008 –Number of refugees and stateless persons increased, from 14.9 million in 2004 to 21.7 million in 2009 –Number of people affected by natural disasters increased, from 150 million in 1990 to 300 million in 2008
UN Consolidated Appeal Process (CAP) as proxy for increasing humanitarian need
Improved Needs Assessments/Targeting with Livelihoods Information Zoning and profiling Joint efforts with Governments, UN, NGOs Basis for more effective sampling, monitoring, impact estimation
USAID-funded Tufts study, with USDA collaboration: “to examine the nutritional needs of beneficiary populations across the developing world, and the nutrition quality of commodities currently available to meet those needs.” Main foci of the work: Review the science on nutrient needs of beneficiaries; Recommend new formulations, commodity mixes; Account for industrial feasibility, cost, programming issues; and Propose mechanisms for enhanced processes.
Office of Food for Peace Legislative Context: Reliance on Agriculture Appropriations Note: Does not include MARAD reimbursements, carry over funds, and deobligations from prior year agreements. * FY2010 LRP Funding is up to $300 million.
Mega Trend for Addressing Global Food Insecurity Donor community at large is committed to new ways of doing business, with principles that specifically include: Investing in country-owned plans; Strengthening strategic coordination; and Delivering on sustained and accountable commitments.
International Bodies Organizations Primarily Addressing Global Food Security International Bodies Primarily Addressing Food Availability International Bodies Primarily Addressing Food Access International Bodies Addressing Food Utilization and Nutrition Other International Bodies Having a Significant Impact on Food Security Scientific Research Bodies Contributing to Food Security Donor Only: Donor Financed: World Food Conference(s)/ World Summit on Food Security (e.g. Nov. 2009) - Committee on Food Security (CFS) - UN High Level Task Force Food Insecure Countries Directly Involved: World Food Conference(s)/ World Summit on Food Security (e.g. Nov. 2009) - Committee on Food Security (CFS)* - UN High Level Task Force Donor Only: Donor Financed: Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD) Food Insecure Countries Directly Involved: FAO IFAD Donor Only: Food Aid Convention (FAC) Donor Financed: World Food Program (WFP) United Nations Emergency Children’s Fund (UNICEF) Food Insecure Countries Directly Involved: WFP UNICEF Donor Only: Donor Financed: WFP UNICEF Food Insecure Countries Directly Involved: WFP UNICEF Donor Only: G8 (Policy/Funding) Donor Financed: World Bank (Funding and Policy) Food Insecure Countries Directly Involved: G20 (Policy and Funding) World Bank (Funding) World Trade Organization (WTO) (Trade Policy) Donor Only: Donor Financed: Consultative Group of International Agricultural Research Centers (CGIAR) FAO National Research Institutions (NRIs) Food Insecure Countries Directly Involved: National Research Institutions (NRIs)