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Climate change and the Risk of Hunger Social Forum of the Human Rights Council Carlo Scaramella WFP Climate Change and Disaster Risk Reduction Office October 2010
Climate Change is a hunger risk multiplier declining yields and agricultural productivity more frequent, erratic and intense climate and weather-related hazards and disasters deteriorating land & environmental conditions reduced water availability & deteriorating sanitation increasing conflicts over scarce resources urbanization, migration and displacement (IPCC 2007)
Impact on hunger and malnutrition Deepening poverty and inequality, and accelerating hunger trends in vulnerable countries/communities Estimated up to 20% global increases in malnutrition by 2050 About 65% of such increase in sub-Saharan Africa Correlation with other food insecurity drivers could exacerbate these trends. For example: By 2020, in some African countries rain-fed agriculture could be reduced by up to 50% 650 million people in Africa already affected by land degradation - 50 million people could become environmental displaced within the next 10 years Global demand for food will double within the next 25-50 years – potential impact on food prices
Legend Countries are distorted according to undernourishment statistics as of 2006. Colour coding reflects the relative vulnerability of the country based on the climate change and food security vulnerability index*. This includes indicators for meteorological hazard frequency and impacts, demographics, environmental and agricultural sensitivity, infrastructure and governance. *Data sources: FAOSTAT, WDI, EM-DAT Developed by WFP’s Climate Change and Disaster Risk Reduction Coordination Office A World Map of Hunger and Climate Vulnerability
Projecting impact on hunger and malnutrition
WFP’s Strategic Plan puts emphasis on interventions that are “responsive to the principles related to the right to food” and aimed at addressing “the root causes of hunger and vulnerability, including (…) protection causes” WFP’s Strategic Plan
WFP’s angle CC is about people It poses an unprecedented challenge to eradicating hunger and poverty (MDG1) Over 80 percent of the world’s population does not have access to social protection systems of any form Producing more food is a necessary but not sufficient condition…effective protection frameworks are necessary to ensure the food and nutritional security of the most vulnerable in the face of climate change.
WFP’s approach: protecting the most vulnerable Twin objectives of enhancing production and expanding access and protection for the most vulnerable Pro-poor, inclusive and equitable adaptation and development policies Strengthened social protection systems and enhanced productive safety nets as part of climate adaptation approaches Enabling and empowering local actors, leveraging co-benefits, focus on prevention
Climate Change and Disaster Risk Reduction Programming in WFP, 2009 WFP projects in 2009 Countries with a climate change or disaster risk reduction activity Climate change and disaster risk reduction projects by project category Climate change and/or DRR Climate change DRR
SAFE Stoves Co-benefits protection element with reduced gender based violence 40-50% less firewood required with limited environmental impact reduced health risks Karamoja, Uganda: more than 35,000 households and 50 schools. North Darfur, Sudan: 100,000 women and 170 schools in refugee settings (over half a million beneficiaries).
ETHIOPIA Managing Environmental Resources (MERET) Community-based development and adaptation solutions Enhanced community resilience “Where the is MERET there is no hunger” http://www.wfp.org/videos/ethiopia- meret-changed-life
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