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Published byLetitia Ferguson Modified over 7 years ago
International Food Aid and Development Conference August 2, 2010 M. Ann Tutwiler Global Food Security Coordinator Office of the Secretary, USDA
One Billion People Worldwide Are Food Insecure
A High Proportion Earn Their Living from Agriculture Source: World Bank, WDI 2009 Agriculture, 25%
Source: World Bank Development Report, 2007 (43 Country Study) Economic Growth From Agriculture Sector Benefits the Poorest Half of the Population 2 to 4 Times More Than Economic Growth From Non-agriculture Sector Agriculture Growth Benefits the Poor Disproportionately
By 2050, 9 Billion People to be Fed; 7 Billion in Developing Countries
Agriculture, 25% Global Yield Growth Slowing Source: Fuglie 2010, using World Bank Development Report 2008 (figure refers to developing countries only)
At the 2009 G8 Summit, donors pledged $20 billion to agricultural development and a new approach to global food security. The United States pledged $3.5 billion toward the initiative. Over $800 million will be contributed by the United States for FY 2010 Global Commitments
Closing Yield Gap Possible
Ensure a comprehensive approach Invest in country-owned plans Leverage multilateral institutions Strengthen strategic coordination Deliver on sustained and accountable commitments A New Approach
A Comprehensive Approach AVAILABILITY Research and extension Market information systems Natural resource management Agricultural production ACCESSIBILITY Market development Rural infrastructure Supportive trade policies Food aid UTILIZATION Nutrition and dietary diversity Food safety STABILITY Social safety nets Market-based risk management
Countries develop the plans through a consultative process Technical and high level reviews Business meeting with donors Recent reviews and meetings: –Rwanda (Dec 2009) –Bangladesh (May 2010) –Haiti (June 2010) –West Africa (June 2010) Country Owned Plans
Candidate Countries RegionCountries AsiaBangladesh, Cambodia, Nepal, Tajikistan Africa Ethiopia, Ghana, Kenya, Liberia, Malawi, Mali, Mozambique, Niger, Rwanda, Senegal, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia Latin America Guatemala, Haiti, Honduras, and Nicaragua
Global Investments: Research and Innovation Over 8% of Feed the Future budget devoted to research Research investments will be made at national, regional and global level Research will include fundamental research, applied research, extension, economic and social science Research strategy will focus on advancing productivity frontier of staple crops/livestock; transforming production systems in regions where the poor are concentrated; and enhancing dietary quality and food safety.
Country Investment Plans Reviewed, Donor Meetings Held Rwanda, Haiti, Bangladesh, Ghana, Senegal, Liberia, ECOWAS, etc. World Bank Trust Fund Launched ($800M) Borlaug Commemorative Research Initiative launched USG-wide teams supporting program implementation USG-wide teams developing coordinated multiyear strategies and annual work plans in candidate countries Progress to Date
For More Information www.feedthefuture.gov
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